Turkey accuses Sweden and Finland of not fulfilling NATO promises

Turkish Foreign Minister Cavusoglu: Sweden and Finland did not fulfill their promises to join NATO Turkey has not seen Sweden and Finland take steps to extradite the Kurds, the Foreign Minister said. Swedish SVT writes that Stockholm is ready to extradite one of them. Turkey promises in return to approve the entry of these countries into NATO media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Mevlut Cavusoglu

Sweden and Finland have not yet fulfilled the demands made by Ankara to join NATO, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said at a press conference, quoted by the Turkish Anadolu agency.

The Minister recalled the agreement that Ankara has concluded with Helsinki and Stockholm. According to him, they must extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which it considers terrorist, to Turkey, close all organizations associated with its structures, and give guarantees to Ankara. Turkey, for its part, undertook not to impede the entry of these countries into NATO. However, the Turkish side has not yet seen Sweden and Finland take any steps in this direction, he said.

For a state to join NATO, it must be approved by all other current members of the organization. However, Turkey has stated that it will prevent this until Helsinki and Stockholm comply with its demands.

In Moscow, they announced a strike on the arsenal of NATO ammunition in Ukraine

Ministry of Defense: an arsenal with 45 thousand tons of NATO ammunition was destroyed in the Nikolaev region “image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Near the city of Voznesensk, Mykolaiv region of Ukraine, a warehouse was destroyed, which stored 45,000 tons of ammunition supplied by NATO countries for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported.

Video

In addition, Russian aviation, rocket troops and artillery attacked three command posts of Ukrainian forces in the DPR, as well as troops and equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in 173 districts. The launcher of the Buk-M1 air defense system, five ammunition depots were destroyed.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

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Earlier, the Ministry of Defense reported on the seizure of weapons in the Izyum direction, including foreign ones. The department published a video with captured weapons. Among them— weapons manufactured in the UK, USA, Poland, Sweden, including Javelin man-portable anti-tank missile systems and Carl Gustaf machine guns, as well as heavy machine guns and Soviet-made small arms abandoned by the Ukrainian military.

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Assessed the likelihood of an armed conflict in Kosovo: what is the role of NATO

“For the forces of the Alliance, the repetition of past events is a scripted operation”

The night from July 31 to August 1 was marked for the Balkan Peninsula by a new round of tension between Serbia and self-proclaimed Kosovo. One of the main reasons is the refusal of the Pristina authorities to accept Serbian documents and the issuance of a temporary permit to enter the Kosovo territory.

Photo: Frame

The approach of the day when Serbian license plates will no longer be recognized on the territory of Kosovo caused a wave of protests among the population. The Serbs living in the region again began to feel discrimination from the authorities of Pristina. The Kosovo police announced the closure of the checkpoint and the bridge between Serbia and the partially recognized republic.

This escalation is no surprise to anyone. According to experts, nothing much is happening now, and any new round of tension in the region is perceived as an ordinary situation that occurs once a year for the past five years.

According to Alexander Pivovarenko, senior researcher at the Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, interest in new escalations arises from the growing military component of conflicts.

– There are more and more cases of mobilization of troops, that is, the pulling of the army to the borders. Therefore, each new escalation increases the risk of an armed conflict. The parties have little interest in this, but the risks objectively increase.

The situation is really ordinary. The events of September 2021, when the Kosovo authorities required Serbs living there to issue temporary Kosovo license plates, are similar to the current ones. The actions of Pristina then led to violent clashes between the police and Serbs entering the territory with Belgrade license plates. The situation escalated until weaning not only private cars, but also special ones. The help of Russia, which sent Pantsir complexes to Belgrade, extinguished the situation and brought life in the region to relative normality.

The viscosity of the conflict, however, has not disappeared. The events of last night showed that neither Pristina nor Belgrade will stop at peace agreements if the situation starts to get out of control. Yes, and the flair of the events of 23 years ago, which was frighteningly similar to the situation last night, is present.

As noted by Serbian publications, bells rang continuously in all churches and monasteries of Northern Kosovo, just like in 1999 before the bombing Yugoslavia.

NATO's interest in Pristina is also confirmed by experts. However, a repetition of the events of the late nineties is hardly to be expected. The escalation of the conflict, according to Alexander Pivovarenko, will lead to a scenario of punishing Serbia.

– For NATO forces, the repetition of past events – operation with a pre-written script. It should be noted that back in January 2021, in the foreign expert press, Serbia was called the culprit of a possible conflict in the Balkans, in Bosnia or Kosovo, the expert comments. – No matter where, but the culprit has already been identified. Now Serbia is also accused of its diplomatic position of cooperation with Russia, which, as it were, violates European discipline. Therefore, such an action would increase the viability of NATO and show that the bloc is capable of dealing with challenges. But this would lead to some kind of coercion of Belgrade.

The Serbian authorities understand this prospect, so there is no interest in escalation. The current tension does not come from Serbia, but Belgrade is forced to respond to the actions of Pristina. The world community should not be afraid of a large-scale armed clash, taking into account Pristina's delay in adopting the rule for replacing Serbian license plates with Kosovo ones, for the time being. According to expert assessment, such a scenario is possible if events at the border itself or somewhere else go according to a bad scenario. The appearance of victims, even by chance, will lead to irreversible events, and in the end Serbia will be declared the culprit, no matter what happens.

Based on such a scenario, the position of Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić is understandable, who, in an address to nation said that “Serbia will pray for peace, but if the persecution continues, Serbia will win.”

Recall that the autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija declared independence from Serbia in February 2008. To date, 98 states have recognized Kosovo's independence. The remaining states did not recognize or remained neutral regarding the independence of the republic. The Serbian government considers Kosovo its territory. In 2013, the process of normalizing relations with the government of Kosovo began, but all steps remain ineffective.

Alarm sirens sound in Kosovo, citizens prepare barricades: eyewitness videos

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Medvedev promised a symmetrical response to Finland’s accession to NATO

According to the deputy head of the Security Council, the accession of Sweden and Finland to the alliance will worsen the security situation in the Baltic region, and the border of Karelia with Finland will actually turn into the border of Russia with NATOv6_top_pics/resized/320xH/media/img/3/76/756590232317763.jpg 320w 800xH/media/img/3/76/756590232317763.jpg 800w v6_top_pics/resized/400xH/media/img/3/76/756590232317763.jpg 400w” media=”(max-width: 400px)” >

Dmitry Medvedev

Russia will respond symmetrically to the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO, said Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, without specifying what it was about.

“As for our reaction to the entry of these countries into NATO, then, as the President of our country said, this reaction will be symmetrical,— he told reporters following a meeting held in Karelia on ensuring Russia's security in the northwestern direction (quote from Interfax).

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At the same time, the deputy head of the Security Council pointed out that the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO could worsen the security situation in the Baltic region, “because the Baltic Sea is now, in fact, becoming a sea dominated by NATO countries.” Medvedev also noted that now Karelia's border with Finland is becoming Russia's border with NATO.

In May, against the backdrop of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO. The countries emphasized that the decision was not directed against Moscow and was due to the changed security situation.

According to the application procedure, all NATO members must approve, but Turkey opposed it. She demanded that the countries hand over to Ankara members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which Turkey considers a terrorist organization, close all organizations associated with the PKK structures, and provide Turkey with guarantees.

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On June 28, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson. The parties were able to agree on the issue of countries joining NATO, and Ankara agreed to support the candidates. Erdogan subsequently stated that parliament would ratify their applications only after they fulfilled their promises to Ankara.

In early July, Erdogan reiterated that Turkey would return to its original position on Sweden's membership and Finland in the alliance if he sees “attempts to delay the implementation of the obligations taken or hypocrisy.”

At the same time, Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linde called exaggerated fears that Ankara could again block countries from joining the alliance. “I think we've worked so hard on this that we don't have to worry too much about further problems coming up. But it would be unreasonable of me to say that nothing will come up at all,— she said.

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The expert predicted what NATO could become under the leadership of Boris Johnson

“The tone will get tougher”

In late July, The Daily Telegraph reported that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who is retiring, could take over as NATO Secretary General because he is supported by high-ranking members of the Tory party and Ukrainian politicians. Political scientist, president of the Minchenko Consulting Foundation Yevgeny Minchenko believes that under the leadership of Johnson, the Alliance can become more radical against the backdrop of the “militant and militant” nature of the politician.

Photo: Global Look Press

In an interview with NEWS.ru, Minchenko recalled that Johnson recently held a photo shoot where he holds a grenade launcher on his shoulder, throws a grenade and runs around with a machine gun. The expert sees no reason why Johnson could not lead NATO, especially since the Alliance is currently experiencing a renaissance. The political scientist explained that the bloc was considered a relic of the past for a long time, and now there is a “gift” in the form of events in Ukraine and the deterioration of relations with Russia.

In addition, Minchenko noted that the UK is now trying to build an alternative security bloc based on the London-Warsaw-Kyiv axis, so under the leadership of Johnson “the tone will become tougher” than under anyone else. According to the political scientist, NATO will be “pumped up” as an opponent of Russia, which he considers an enemy of the Alliance.

Nevertheless, the expert stressed that the United States remains the dominant force in NATO, but now one can observe the radical militarization of Europe, as well as the rearmament of Germany and other countries. According to Minchenko, the old weapons are “merge” to Ukraine, and the countries' own weapons fleet is being updated.

The political scientist added that Johnson is one of the most professional and experienced politicians. The British prime minister is cynical, and he understands the importance of the public factor, and his eccentricity is only the mainstream and modern political style, and not the “eccentricities” of one character, Minchenko concluded.

Read also:Political scientist appreciated the imposition of US sanctions on China's purchase of Russian oil

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NATO may face image problems because of Ukraine – MP

In connection with the situation in Ukraine, the armies of the NATO states may face image problems, and then problems in ensuring their security, as is the case with the US Armed Forces. This was stated by a member of the Duma Committee on Security and Anti-Corruption Adalbi Shkhagoshev, RIA Novosti reports.

According to Shkhagoshev, the Russian Federation is currently opposed not only to the United States, but to the entire North Atlantic Alliance. NATO armies may face the same problems of a lack of volunteers that the US military is experiencing.

The MP noted that the image losses of the US and NATO armies will increase when the Russian special operation in Ukraine comes to its final contours. First of all, the problems will concern states that are geographically closer to Russia.

Earlier it was reported that there is an acute shortage of recruits in the US armed forces. This pushes the command to make difficult decisions.

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Poland has promised to create the strongest NATO ground forces in Europe

Defense Minister Mariusz Blaszczak assured that the republic will have the strongest ground forces among European NATO countries

Mariusz Blaszczak

Poland will have the strongest ground forces among European NATO countries, said the Minister of Defense of the Republic, Mariusz Blaszczak, in an interview with Sieci, excerpts from which were published by the portal wPolityce.

“Polish Armed Forces must be so numerous and strong that their existence deterred the aggressor. <…> Both in terms of artillery and armored forces, in the final analysis, there will be no stronger country in Europe. We will have the strongest ground forces among European NATO countries,— Blaszczak assured, answering the question whether the country would be able to repel the attack.

He recalled that Poland purchased American Patriot anti-aircraft missile systems back in 2018. At the end of May of this year, Blaszczak announced that he had ordered six more Patriot batteries. The day before, the minister wrote on Twitter that deliveries of Patriot elements, including PAC-3 MSE missiles and IBCS fire control systems, continue.

Warsaw also acquired the British Sky Saber air defense system, the head of the Ministry of Defense announced its receipt in early July.

“Finally, we have our own Piorun [Polish portable anti-aircraft missile systems], which have proven themselves in Ukraine,” — he noted.

In early March, U.S. European Command announced that the United States would move two Patriot batteries to Poland “in a proactive manner to counter any potential threats to the U.S., allied forces, and NATO territory.” They assured that the batteries would be transferred under Article 5 on NATO collective defense (it means that an attack on one of the NATO members will be considered as an attack on all NATO members). Later, the Pentagon explained that the Patriot would be placed in Poland temporarily.

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In early April, the republic purchased 250 Abrams tanks from the United States. The first combat armored vehicles have already arrived for military training, the Polish defense minister said in mid-July. The value of the contract is $4.75 billion. Deliveries are scheduled to be completed in 2026.

Poland is ranked 24th in the ranking of the strongest armies in the world according to Globalfirepower. The index takes into account more than 50 factors, including not only the number of military and equipment, but also logistical capabilities and geography. The number of military in Poland is estimated at 152 thousand people, the country has 863 tanks, 4786 armored vehicles, 609 self-propelled artillery installations and 197 multiple rocket launchers.

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Khamenei says NATO was going to war with Russia over Crimea

Photo: Still from video

North Atlantic Alliance would start a war with Russia if not for Russia's special military operation in Ukraine. This was stated by the spiritual leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who today met with President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

Khamenei noted that the situation around Crimea would be used as a pretext for a NATO war with Russia.

Recall that today in Tehran there is a meeting of the Astana trio, which is attended by the presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran Vladimir Putin, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Ibrahim Raisi. The meeting discusses important issues of cooperation between states, including grain exports from Ukraine and the situation in the Middle East, primarily in Syria.

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Erdogan called the condition for freezing the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO

The Turkish President again threatened to oppose the entry of the two countries into the alliance if they do not fulfill their promises. Ankara agreed to support the candidacies of Sweden and Finland on the condition that they hand over the “terrorists” to it

Recep Erdogan

If Sweden and Finland do not fulfill the conditions set by them, Ankara will freeze the process of their entry into NATO, the president said Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey, Anadolu reports.

The two countries applied to join the alliance in May, citing security developments since Russia launched its military operation in Ukraine. The condition for the entry of any state into NATO is the approval of all members of the bloc, but Turkey opposed and demanded that Stockholm and Helsinki first extradite the members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which are recognized as terrorists in the republic, located on their territory.

On June 28, Erdogan met with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson. The parties were able to agree, and Ankara agreed to support the candidates. The Turkish president subsequently stated that the parliament would ratify their applications only after they fulfilled their promises to Ankara. Sweden and Finland must extradite the “terrorists”, promptly amend the legislation on terrorist organizations and “prevent terrorist propaganda against Turkey.”

On July 1, the head of state reiterated that Turkey will return to its original position on the membership of Sweden and Finland in the alliance if it sees “attempts to delay the implementation of the obligations undertaken or hypocrisy.” alliance countries. “I think we've worked so hard on this that we don't have to worry too much about further problems coming up. But it would be unreasonable of me to say that nothing will come up at all,— she noted.

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Nehammer says there are no discussions about Austria joining NATO

Nehammer said that Austria is not discussing joining NATO following the example of Sweden and Finland According to the chancellor, joining NATO is not being discussed in Austria. The country adheres to the common foreign and security policy of the European Union, and also plans to invest more in its own defense, he said. 8/77/756581688605778.jpg” alt=”Nehammer stated that there were no discussions about Austria joining NATO” />

Karl Nehammer

Austria is not going to join NATO following the example of Sweden and Finland, the chancellor said at a press conference Karl Nehammer, Pravda reports.

Nehammer held talks in Vienna with Slovak Prime Minister Eduard Heger. According to the chancellor, they also discussed the situation in Ukraine.

As Nehammer said, Austria is not going to follow the example of Sweden and Finland, which, in connection with the events in Ukraine, have revised their neutral status and seek to join NATO. In Austria, such a discussion “is not taking place,” he stressed.

According to the Chancellor, “Austria adheres to the common foreign and security policy of the European Union, and also plans to invest more in its own defense.”

In mid-May, Nehammer had already said that the possibility of his country's membership in NATO was not on the agenda. He then emphasized that “Austria was, is and will remain neutral.”

Finland and Sweden decided to join the alliance against the background of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. They applied in mid-May and received an official invitation at the end of June after settling relations with Turkey, which objected to their membership in the bloc. Now the entry into the ranks of NATO of these Nordic countries must be approved by the parliaments of all 30 countries of the alliance.

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Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has again threatened to prevent Finland and Sweden from joining NATO if they do not keep their promises. Ankara's demands are related to the activities in these camps of members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which the Turkish side considers a terrorist organization.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that NATO expansion at the expense of Sweden and Finland would not create an “immediate threat” ; For Russia. At the same time, he warned that “in the event of deployment of military contingents and infrastructure there” Moscow will be forced to “respond in a mirror image and create the same threats for the territories from which the threats are created.” her.

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Peskov responded to NATO statements about a possible victory over Russia

Photo: kremlin.ru

The Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Western countries “gravitate towards the apocalypse”. So he answered the question of journalist Pavel Zarubin, who asked to respond to the statements of the NATO countries that spoke about the military way to resolve the conflict in Ukraine.

According to Peskov, it is better to talk about something more constructive. He added that it was to be hoped that “some political will and some political reason still remained at least partially in the collective West.” The Kremlin speaker stressed that this mind is fully preserved in Russia.

NATO leaders at the summit in Madrid approved a new strategic concept for the alliance until 2030. It recognizes Russia as “the most significant and direct threat” security. Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo later noted that Russia could allegedly be defeated “only on the battlefield.” In this regard, he called on the leaders of the alliance states to support Ukraine.

Meanwhile, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that NATO was starting a new arms race. According to him, this process is an aggressive military construction. He demands “mandatory demonization of the enemy”, as Grushko said.

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Biden sent a report to Congress on the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO

Sweden and Finland decided to join NATO against the backdrop of a Russian special operation in Ukraine. At the end of June, they were officially invited to join the alliance

Joe Biden

US President Joe Biden sent reports to the relevant congressional committees on the issue of accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO, the press service of the White House reported. This procedure is necessary for the ratification of the protocol on the entry of these countries into the alliance.

The reports are prepared in accordance with the requirements of the protocols to the North Atlantic Treaty on the accession of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic in 1998. The report should, in particular, provide information on the fulfillment of security requirements for NATO membership and an assessment of the work of potential members in protecting intelligence activities and methods of its work.

Sweden and Finland announced their desire to join NATO after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Applications were submitted in May, but Turkey became an obstacle to entry, accusing the Scandinavian countries of harboring terrorists on its territory, in particular members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (in Turkey it is recognized as terrorist).

At the end of June, a NATO summit, where a meeting was held with the participation of Turkey, Sweden and Finland, following which Ankara approved the entry of the latter two into the alliance. After that, NATO officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the military bloc.

For their entry, it is necessary that all 30 member countries of the alliance ratify the corresponding agreement. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the Turkish parliament would not consider this issue until Sweden and Finland fulfill their promises to Ankara. In particular, he announced Sweden's guarantees to extradite more than 70 terrorists to Turkey, as well as to amend the legislation on terrorist organizations.

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Grushko says NATO questioned China’s right to development

Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko: NATO questioned China's right to development =”Grushko said NATO questioned China's right to development” />

NATO questioned China's right to development when it called the country a threat. This was stated by Deputy Head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Alexander Grushko at a discussion in the international club “Valdai”, RBC correspondent reports.

He considered that NATO went beyond the original mandate, as it should be engaged in maintaining security in the North Atlantic region, and not in the Pacific.

“This is primarily an indicator that NATO is globalizing, NATO declares the whole world a zone interests and, in fact, calls into question the right of China to develop as one of the poles of the already established multipolar world, — said Grushko.

He considered that the announcement of Russia as the main threat— this is “a real bid for confrontation, containment of Russia on all fronts.” According to him, Moscow will assess the situation from a political and military point of view in order to ensure the interests of Russia's security and defense capability.

At the summit in Madrid on June 28 & ndash; 30 June, NATO adopted a new strategy, a document on reforming the alliance until 2030. The alliance called Russia the main military threat, and put China in second place. NATO explained that China is challenging the interests, security and values ​​of the West, and also seeks to undermine the international order.

In response, Chinese Foreign Minister Zhao Lijian said that NATO itself poses a “systemic challenge to peace and stability.” He noted that the bloc positions itself as a regional defense organization, but continues to expand, “unleashing wars everywhere and killing civilians.”

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The Foreign Ministry called the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO the saddest episode

The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO will make the Baltic Sea region a zone of rivalry, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko warned /42/756566855456426.jpg” alt=”The Foreign Ministry called the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO the saddest episode” />

The expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance by joining Finland and Sweden will lead to a deterioration in regional security and turn the Baltic region seas into the zone of military rivalry, said Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Alexander Grushko.

“The expansion of NATO, the entry of Finland and Sweden there” is, in my opinion, the saddest episode in the evolution of European security, “— said Grushko, speaking on the sidelines of the Valdai Club on July 1. He added that he did not understand the motives that led these two countries to join the alliance, and that they were essentially “turning into NATO's periphery.”

“If we follow the logic of the Madrid decisions, then after this accession is finalized, NATO will start talking about the fact that the biggest vulnerability— this is the Russian-Finnish border, which must be protected. This is 1300 km, so it is necessary to place troops, weapons and so on there. All this will lead to a deterioration in regional security, to significant threats to complicate the situation in the north,— continued the deputy minister. He noted that such a development of events will narrow the possibilities for peaceful cooperation, which, according to him, is now in great demand in this part of Europe and the world. “This will most seriously worsen the situation in the Baltic Sea region, which, as a result of NATO expansion, the military development of the territory of new members from the most militarily calm region, will turn into an arena, well, if not a military confrontation, then definitely a military rivalry,” — said Grushko.

He stressed that Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden, but their accession to NATO— it is “a very significant shift.” “It will be a new military-political reality that will influence our military planning process. What we considered unimportant and insignificant remains in the past. Now we will deal with a situation where potentials can be placed along our borders and at a fairly shallow depth that will threaten the military security of Russia, — he said. He noted that Russia would take measures to ensure its own security.

Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO in mid-May amid the Russian military operation in Ukraine. However, Turkey has blocked the process of joining the two countries to the alliance. During a separate meeting on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Madrid, which took place from June 28 to 30, the three countries managed to reach a compromise, after which Ankara lifted its veto. Stockholm and Helsinki have officially received the status of countries invited to NATO. Now their entry will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 countries— members of the military-political bloc.

President Vladimir Putin said earlier that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO does not cause concern for Moscow. “We have nothing to worry about in terms of Finnish and Swedish membership in NATO. They want to [join NATO]— please. Only they should clearly and clearly imagine that before there were no threats to them, and now, if military contingents and infrastructure are deployed there, we will have to respond in a mirror manner and create the same threats for the territories from which threats are created to us, — he said following the results of the Caspian summit on June 29.

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Erdogan’s intentions to again block Finland and Sweden from joining NATO weighed

“The Turkish leader has the potential to scare the Swedes and Finns by suspending this process”

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan once again said that his country will not ratify the admission of Finland and Sweden to the North Atlantic Alliance if they do not fulfill the obligations previously agreed upon at the NATO summit. In the meantime, Helsinki emphasized that they would not agree to change the legislation, and that they could extradite the persons requested by Ankara only if there were good reasons. The expert said whether the Turkish leader will again block the possibility of Finns and Swedes joining the bloc.

Photo: AP

Erdogan reported that the Swedish authorities promised to extradite to Turkey 73 members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), recognized by the Turkish authorities as a terrorist organization.

“Sweden has given its word on the extradition of terrorists, there are about 73 of them,” the head of state said during a press conference following the NATO summit in Madrid. “We were given guarantees.” However, earlier it was about 33 Kurds who are accused in Turkey of terrorist activities.

The Turkish leader also added that Ankara will monitor whether Stockholm will fulfill its promise. According to him, if the Swedes and Finns refuse to comply with the agreements, the Turkish Parliament will not consider approving their application to join the North Atlantic Alliance.

Moreover, Erdogan said that Finland and Sweden need to amend their legislation on terrorism. The politician referred to the Memorandum of Understanding between the three countries adopted at the beginning of the week.

This agreement provides for the cooperation of states against the PKK, showing solidarity with Ankara in the fight against all forms of terrorism, cooperation in the field of information exchange in the fight against organized crime and terrorism, as well as the refusal to support the movements accused of attempting a coup in 2016.

In turn, the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs Pekka Haavisto notified that Suomi would not agree to change the law. “If the condition for Turkey's ratification of Finland's membership in NATO is a change in our legislation, Finland is unlikely to make such concessions,” the head of the Finnish foreign policy broadcaster Yle assured. The politician pointed out that the Memorandum does not talk about changes in the law or anything like that.

“We did not take on such obligations,” Haavisto insists. Everything that was agreed upon was written down on paper. Different points of view can be expressed, but there can be no agreement on anything other than what is stated in the text of the document.”

In addition, the Finnish Foreign Minister noted that the country could give in to Turkey’s demands for the extradition of persons , whom she considers terrorists only “if there are very good reasons.”

How, then, can Turkey build obstacles for the Swedes and Finns, if they show obstinacy and do not comply with Ankara's demands? Actually, Erdogan himself stated this following the results of the Madrid summit. According to Erdogan, the implementation of the 10-point agreement by the two countries will depend on whether he sends their application for NATO membership to the Turkish parliament for ratification. Under the procedure, countries seeking to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization must obtain approval of their membership applications from all member states of the bloc and go through the process of ratification by their respective national parliaments. So, theoretically, the Turkish president can arrange lengthy delays in this direction if he is dissatisfied with the actions of NATO “recruits”. But how far is he willing to go? We turned to an expert with this question.

“Apparently, Erdogan is unlikely to again block the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO,” Nikolai Topornin, associate professor at MGIMO and director of the Center for European Information, comments to MK. – Based on what is now being heard from Brussels, Ankara, Helsinki and Stockholm, the parties have come to compromise solutions. The Turkish authorities stated that if the Finns and Swedes fulfill their obligations, they will not prevent them from joining the North Atlantic Alliance. It seems that this decision suited everyone, including the leadership of the bloc and the United States.

Another thing is that Erdogan can slow down this process if Helsinki and Stockholm refuse to fulfill their obligations. These are not just empty words about respect for the laws of Turkey and the lack of support for some Kurdish separatists. The tripartite agreement states that both Finland and Sweden must deprive the status of political refugees of more than 70 Turkish citizens, who are just Kurds and Erdogan enrolled in the list of “terrorists”. They obviously face a serious trial in their home country if they are deported.”

This is where certain difficulties arise, the expert believes. The very human rights mechanisms of Sweden and Finland are such that no one will send political migrants or refugees anywhere.

“It is clear for what purpose the Kurds came to these countries – to ask for protection from Erdogan,” continues Nikolai Topornin. – They gave it to them. And now it is proposed to remove this protection and return them back. What will the Finnish and Swedish authorities look like if they take such a step? There is a serious problem here, over which the lawyers and politicians of the two European states will have to rack their brains.

Perhaps Finland and Sweden will decide to give their citizenship to the Kurds. Earlier, the Finnish Minister of the Interior even made a lengthy statement that Helsinki would never extradite its citizens to anyone under any circumstances. Alternatively, Kurds who have been hiding in the country for a long time can be granted citizenship. Then Erdogan will be told that they are no longer Turks, but Finns, so no one is going to expel them.

Moreover, the Finns can send the Kurds to neighboring Norway to remove this issue. I doubt that Helsinki and Stockholm will send them to Turkey. Personally, I don’t see such a course of events yet.”

According to the expert, Erdogan continues to send such signals and threats to countries, since this is a matter of principle for him. There are political opponents inside his country, there is a serious Kurdish national minority that is fighting for the so-called state of Northern Kurdistan, seeking to secede from Turkey.

“The Turkish leader has elections next year,” said Nikolai Topornin. “There is internal opposition there. There are also external oppositionists, such as the famous Fethullah Gulen, who is in the United States. They have connections, contacts and money to support Erdogan's opponents inside the country, to guide them. Therefore, the head of state does not want to leave these obligations on paper. He needs concrete action. It is difficult to say how Erdogan will behave further, since he is an unpredictable person. Maybe he will put up with it, or maybe he will show his character. After all, even if the applications of Finland and Sweden are accepted, various legal procedures and voting will begin, Turkey will still have the opportunity to stall the process of their admission to NATO.”

Meanwhile, the expert stressed that the Americans, Germans and French could put pressure on Erdogan in this matter. They will push the Turkish leader to give the green light. In fact, he has already done this, although he retained the right of veto.

“Erdogan has the potential to frighten the Swedes and Finns by suspending this process,” sums up Nikolai Topornin. – At the same time, despite the fact that Stockholm and Helsinki are currently going to join the North Atlantic Alliance, they still say that with strong obstacles they can abandon this idea. Their current status is quite satisfactory. As I understand it, some euphoria has passed among the countries. If the situation in Ukraine had normalized, I think they would definitely postpone joining NATO.”

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Erdogan listed the promises of Sweden and Finland for NATO membership

In particular, the President of the Republic said that Sweden promised to expel 73 members of the PKK, which has been declared a terrorist organization in Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Sweden and Finland must fulfill the promises made to Ankara, after which the Turkish parliament will ratify their applications for NATO membership (the candidate must receive approval from all member countries of the organization), Recep Tayyip Erdogan said at a press conference following the summit of the North Atlantic Alliance.

«Main— fulfill your promises. From now on, we will carefully monitor the process and take reciprocal steps,— quotes Turkish President CNN Turk.

The politician said that Sweden and Finland should extradite “terrorists” to Ankara, amend the legislation on terrorist organizations as soon as possible, and also “prevent terrorist propaganda against Turkey.”

“Sweden promises that 73 terrorists will be extradited to Turkey»,— he said, noting that he received the appropriate guarantees.

Sweden and Finland have announced plans to join NATO after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, but Turkey's position has become an obstacle, which said that the two countries provide asylum to members of the PKK and supporters of the religious figure Fethullah Gülen, whom the Turkish authorities consider the mastermind of the 2016 coup attempt. .

At the NATO summit, which began in Madrid on June 28, Turkey, Sweden and Finland held talks, as a result of which Ankara agreed to join. After that, NATO officially invited Sweden and Finland to the alliance, and the Secretary General of the organization, Jens Stoltenberg, announced that the entry would be one of the fastest in the history of the military bloc.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin, commenting on the plans of Finland and Sweden to join NATO, said that in Russia is “not concerned about this”, but warned of a mirror response from Moscow in the event that the military contingent and alliance infrastructure are deployed in these countries.

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Guests of the NATO summit in Madrid were surprised by the “Russian salad” for 8 euros

Serious battles unfolded around the name of the appetizer

At the NATO summit in Madrid, despite the euphoria over the removal of obstacles for Turkey to join the alliance between Sweden and Finland, a scandal broke out with gastronomic and political overtones. The reason for it was the appearance of the Russian salad in the cafe menu for the participants of the meeting.

Photo: pixabay.com

International officials and journalists were stunned to find “Russian salad” at the top of the menu at a restaurant waiting for world leaders at a highly secure NATO summit site on the outskirts of Madrid, Reuters reported.

In fact, a salad of peas, potatoes, carrots and mayonnaise, a bit reminiscent of Olivier salad, has long become one of the main dishes on the menu of Spanish restaurants, but on the eve of the NATO summit, at which Russia is expected to be called a “security threat” in the new strategic concept of the alliance in connection with the conflict in Ukraine, the presence of a harmless snack on the menu caused bewilderment.

“Russian salad at the NATO summit? I'm a bit surprised by this choice of dish,” journalist Iñaki López told Spanish publication La Sexta.

As noted by Reuters, the dish's attractively high carbohydrate content seemed to outweigh its “dubious” name, and reportedly the salad was sold out within a few hours. The cost of a serving of “Russian salad” (Ensaladilla Rusa) is 8 euros according to the menu.

More diplomatic thoughts were applied to the menu served to NATO defense and foreign ministers at a banquet at the baroque Santa Cruz Palace in central Madrid on Tuesday evening.

José Andrés, Spanish chef from the Netflix series The “chef's table” that coordinated the ministerial meal served this classic tapas, but added “tomato dumplings” to it and renamed the dish “Ukrainian salad” as he did in his restaurants throughout Spain.

Be that as it may, at the NATO summit, someone showed “political myopia”, giving the wits a reason to change the line from the old fable of Sergei Mikhalkov: “But Russians eat salads!”

In general, about that the traditional “Russian salad” began to be renamed in Spanish catering establishments into “Ukrainian” or “Kyiv”, the media reported back in March.

It all started when the Mesón Martín restaurant in Malaga changed the name of the salad on its menu, calling it “ensaladilla Kiev” instead of “ensaladilla rusa” and added a small image of the Ukrainian flag next to it. The initiative was quickly picked up, and other bars and restaurants renamed their “Russian” salad into “Ukrainian”. And the owner of one of the establishments decided to rename the “Russian salad” into “Olivier salad”, apparently not suspecting that this is the most popular New Year's snack in Russia.

By the way, during the fascist dictatorship of Generalissimo Franco in Spain, they already tried to rebrand the popular salad, which has been known in this country since at least 1858, when it was mentioned as part of the menu proposed in the book “Modern Cuisine” according to the French and Spanish school Spanish chef Mariano Munoz. After the Civil War, attempts were made in some Francoist circles to change the name “Russian” to “national salad” or “imperial salad” in order to avoid any association of the dish with the Soviet Union or communist ideas. Nevertheless, even during the life of Franco in the 1950s, one could find information about the “Russian salad” in cookbooks.

In general, the “Russian salad” (this is how its Spanish name can be literally translated) is popular not only in the Iberian Peninsula, but also in other countries – for example, in Scandinavia (russisk salat).

In principle, there is nothing new in boycotting the names of dishes – suffice it to recall that during the US aggression in Iraq, Americans changed the name of french fries from “French fries” (that is, French fries” to “Freedom fries” (that is, “freedom of fries”) after the French government opposed the intervention in 2003. Subsequently, however, everything returned to full circle.

Fake smiles at the NATO summit: Erdogan, Biden, Macron and others

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The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO returned the Baltic to the “pre-Petrine times”

Experts assessed the new threats to Russia from the West

During the NATO summit in Madrid, Turkey, Finland and Sweden nevertheless came to a compromise. Ankara no longer objects to the admission of the Scandinavians to the Alliance. The issue of NATO expansion can be considered resolved. It is clear that this changes the balance of power in the northwest of Europe. How exactly the situation is changing, and what Russia will be forced to do in this regard, “MK” found out from experts.

Photo: Global Look Press

The entry of Sweden and Finland into the Alliance for the Russian General Staff did not come as a surprise. As our military say, it was only a matter of time. For 10-15 years, these countries have been actively cooperating with NATO, buying NATO weapons. They also participated in joint maneuvers with the Alliance, which were carried out according to the same scenario: Russia attacks one of the Western countries, the Swedes and Finns, together with NATO, stand up for its defense, and then together celebrate the victory over the “Russian aggressor”.

Reality, as everyone understands, if something happens, it will, of course, be somewhat different. And Russia will have to prepare for it.

According to Igor Korotchenko, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine, we will have to reckon with the fact that Finland, and Sweden – especially Sweden – are serious military powers that have their own defense industry. They have great capabilities in the field of electronic intelligence and cyber operations. This addition to the Alliance will have to be taken seriously.

In order to additionally cover the state border and form new units in the structure of the Western Military District, time and considerable expenses will be required. Korotchenko believes that we will be able to quickly eliminate the obvious imbalance with NATO in terms of the number of troops, the ratio of weapons and military equipment only by relying on tactical nuclear weapons.

For this, he says, it will be necessary to equip the troops of the Western Military District and the Baltic Fleet with tactical nuclear weapons. These warheads should be installed on Iskander missile systems and Kalibr missiles on ships and submarines as a means of deterring the Alliance.

Yes, in this case we will have to forget about the non-nuclear status of the Baltic Sea, but this, as they say, was not our choice. We simply have to respond to NATO expansion.

And in general, one must understand that in the event of a war with NATO, Stockholm and Helsinki become potential targets for strikes by our nuclear missiles, along with Washington, London or Berlin. What they fought for, they ran into.

With the entry of Sweden and Finland into the Alliance, a special situation is developing for Russia in the Baltic, which is turning into NATO's inland sea.

“Here, for a fundamental solution to the problem, apparently, it will be necessary to reincarnate Peter I, since the situation is returning to pre-Petrine times,” military expert Captain 1st Rank in the reserve Vladimir Gundarov jokes bitterly. – Access to the Baltic Sea for Russia comes down to a narrow strip of land in the Kaliningrad region, which is already blocked from Lithuania, and to the eastern coast of the Gulf of Finland. In addition, the entire Baltic Sea is already becoming NATO.

This means, the expert clarifies, that the submarine forces of the Baltic Fleet will be trapped in the Gulf of Finland. The distance between the Finnish (in the north) and Estonian (in the south) islands is less than 16 nautical miles. NATO members have the opportunity to establish an anti-submarine line in a narrow corridor of neutral waters.

In addition, Gundarov recalls, we have several major shipyards in St. Petersburg, including the Baltic Shipyard, which has experience in building nuclear cruisers. And we plan to continue building them. For example, the following situation may arise: we have built a promising nuclear destroyer of the Leader project for the ocean zone, and NATO members forbid it to enter the Baltic Sea. There can be any pretext for this.

And that's not to mention access to the North Atlantic through the straits between Denmark and Sweden. Previously, one of the shores of these straits (Sweden) was not NATO, which we used. Now, not only to the North Atlantic, but also to the Baltic Sea, they will try to block the exit. Civil shipping, the expert believes, will also be completely dependent on the “good” will of the neighbors. And their kindness is well known to us.

– In the entire post-war history, – says Gundarov, – the Swedish aviation lost only one pilot in the confrontation with the ships of the Baltic Fleet. He flew around our nuclear cruiser Peter the Great, which was released for testing, did not calculate the height and crashed into the sea. All that remained of him was a headset, which we handed over to the Swedish authorities. This incident is detailed in the cruiser's secret Historical Log. The crashed aircraft was called the Saab 37 Viggen, Swedish for “bolt”. So, now a situation is being created where the number of incidents at sea will grow exponentially. They won't get off with one “bolt”.

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Roskosmos published images of “decision-making centers” for the NATO summit

Roskosmos published the coordinates and satellite photos of NATO's “decision centers” Medvedev said earlier that Russia could strike at decision-making centers “not in Kyiv”

State Corporation “Roscosmos” published on the day of the start of the NATO summit satellite images of objects in the countries— alliance members. The summit takes place from 28 to 30 June in Madrid.

“While representatives of the 30 countries of the alliance, as well as partners and candidates, will deal with the strategic concept until 2030, Roscosmos publishes satellite photographs of the summit venue and those same “decision-making centers” that support Ukrainian nationalists,— says in the publication of “Roskosmos” in Telegram.

Also, Roskosmos published the coordinates of the objects, as the organization explained: “So, just in case.”

The coordinates correspond to the buildings taken from the satellite:

  • in Washington— The White House and the Pentagon;
  • in London— point on Downing Street next to the British Foreign Office and the Prime Minister's office;
  • in Paris— coordinates of the Elysee Palace;
  • in Berlin— coordinates of the office of the Federal Chancellor of Germany;
  • in Brussels— NATO HQ coordinates.

The coordinates of the object from the satellite image in Madrid are not indicated in the publication, however, the photo itself has the signature IFEMA— short for Institución Ferial de Madrid. This organization holds fairs, exhibitions, congresses and other public events. Its congress hall is located in Madrid.

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According to Il Mundo, the summit will be held in the IFEMA pavilions in the Spanish capital. Because of the NATO summit, increased security measures were introduced in the city. In particular, according to the newspaper, the Interior Ministry sent an additional 12,000 police officers from other regions of the country to the capital. Together with the capital's police officers (also about 12 thousand people), they will carry out the tasks of protecting the leaders of NATO countries and their delegations, as well as ensuring the security of events.

One of the stated goals of the summit&mdash ; to agree and approve the strategic concept of NATO development for the next ten years, until 2032.

Russia in the new concept of the alliance will appear as the main threat, Bloomberg wrote earlier and said US representative to NATO Julian Smith.

China, according to Bloomberg and the Financial Times, will appear as a “system challenge” for the values, security and interests of the members of the North Atlantic Alliance. In the previous version of the NATO strategy, published in 2010, China was not mentioned at all, and Russia was mentioned as a partner.

The current NATO Strategic Concept was adopted in 2010. It notes the need for a “strategic partnership”; with Russia. The main tasks of the alliance in it are called collective defense, crisis management and security through cooperation. The 2020 NATO report on NATO reform identified Russia as the main military threat to the alliance until at least 2030.

Russia sees NATO expansion as a threat. At the end of 2021, Moscow put forward a demand for NATO to provide legal guarantees for the non-expansion of the alliance to the east, and also sent draft security guarantees to the United States and NATO. Also, Russian officials have repeatedly said that Moscow opposes Ukraine's accession to NATO.

Negotiations on these documents have not yielded concrete results.

On February 24, Russia began special military operation in Ukraine.

At the end of May, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, commenting on the words of US President Joe Biden that Washington does not plan to supply Ukraine with weapons capable of delivering strikes on Russian territory, said that in the event If Russian cities are still attacked, Moscow may strike “not at Kyiv”, but at the centers where these “criminal decisions” are made. “Some of them are not in Kyiv at all,” — Medvedev stressed.

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Medvedev saw the risk of a Third World War if Ukraine joins NATO

If Ukraine, being a member of NATO, tries to return Crimea, this will turn into a conflict between Russia and the entire alliance, lead to the Third World War and “total catastrophe,” Medvedev believes

Dmitry Medvedev

The accession of Ukraine to NATO is much more dangerous for Russia than the entry into the alliance of Sweden and Finland, said in an interview with “Arguments and Facts” Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev.

According to Medvedev, this is due to the “presence of unresolved territorial disputes”; between Moscow and Kyiv, including the ownership of Crimea, and “different understanding of the status of the regions.”

«For us Crimea— part of Russia. And this— forever and ever. Any attempt to encroach on the Crimea— This is a declaration of war on our country. And if a country that is a member of NATO does it,— it is a conflict with the entire North Atlantic alliance. Third World War. Total catastrophe»,— he declared.

Unlike Ukraine, joining NATO of Sweden and Finland does not threaten Russia with “nothing particularly new,” Medvedev said. “If they feel better and safer by joining an alliance,— on health»,— he said, stating at the same time that the Russian side would be ready for retaliatory steps. He noted that in this case, the length of NATO's land borders with Russia would more than double, and the country would have to strengthen its borders. According to the politician, no one is delighted with this, including the citizens of Sweden and Finland: “Not the best prospect” to have our Iskanders, hypersonic missiles, warships with nuclear weapons at the threshold of your own home.

In 2019, the Ukrainian authorities amended the Constitution of the country, defining accession to the EU and NATO as a strategic goal of the state. The changes oblige the government to pursue a policy of joining both blocs, and the president is assigned the status of a guarantor of this course. Last April, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called NATO membership the only way to end the conflict in Donbass.

Shortly after the start of the Russian military operation, Zelensky said that Kyiv had “cooled” question of Ukraine's accession to NATO. He considered that the alliance is afraid of contradictions and confrontation with Russia. On June 25, deputy head of the Ukrainian president's office, Ihor Zhovkva, said that Kyiv would not take steps to join the bloc because members of the alliance had rejected the country's aspirations. According to him, the Ukrainian authorities want the alliance to reaffirm its partnership with Kyiv and recognize the country's central role in European security during the June 28-30 summit in Madrid.

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The Kremlin has repeatedly said that the possible entry of Ukraine into the alliance threatens Russia's security. In early February, even before the start of the military operation, President Vladimir Putin said that Ukraine's accession to NATO would lead to a military confrontation. In his opinion, Kyiv, having joined the alliance, will try to return Crimea by force. On the desire of Ukraine to return the peninsula “by military means” he spoke before.

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Medvedev: Ukraine in NATO is more dangerous for Russia than Finland and Sweden

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

According to the Arguments and Facts newspaper, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev compared the danger of entering NATO of Ukraine, Finland and Sweden for our country.

According to him, for the Russian Federation, Ukraine in NATO is an order of magnitude more dangerous due to the presence of unresolved territorial disputes and different understanding of the status of regions.

&quot ;For us Crimea — part of Russia. And this — forever,” Medvedev stressed.

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El País learned about NATO’s plans for the largest deployment in Europe in 30 years

NATO may decide during the Madrid summit to increase the number of troops stationed in Europe, which will be the bloc's largest deployment since the end of the Cold War. Countries close to Russia are asked to form divisions

NATO countries during the upcoming summit will discuss a possible strengthening of the alliance's presence in Europe, if approved, the number of military personnel deployed on the continent of the bloc will be the largest since the end of the Cold War, El País writes, citing sources.

“Some countries want to move from the current presence in the east of the alliance, consisting of battle groups, to brigades, & mdash; informed interlocutors of the newspaper reported.

Currently, the combat groups stationed in Eastern Europe number from 1-1.6 thousand military, the brigade formation implies an increase in their number at least twice, the newspaper writes. New units can also be armed with more sophisticated weapons, they will be given greater autonomy of action. Members of the alliance closer to Russia insist on the need to form divisions under the command of generals, the number of soldiers in it can reach 15 thousand.

Discussions on the largest deployment took place on Saturday, June 25, at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, El País sources said. According to them, the countries of the bloc intend to update the provisions of the “Position of Defense and Deterrence”, based, in particular, on the set of weapons and troops available to NATO to respond to potential security threats to the Euro-Atlantic region. The Alliance thus intends to demonstrate its readiness to protect its members, the newspaper writes.

El Pa&iacute's sources also noted that the new NATO strategic concept, which is planned to be adopted at the summit, actually “buries ties” with Russia, which have developed until recently. Unofficially, the document is already called the “Madrid Concept”, they note.

In the current strategic concept “Active participation, modern defense” (2010), in relation to Russia, it was said that the country “does not pose any threat”, and cooperation with official Moscow was recognized as “strategically significant”. The new version of the document classifies Russia as a direct and immediate threat due to fear of aggression against members of the alliance, El País interlocutors told.

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NATO's Strategic Concept defines the alliance's long-term strategy. It outlines NATO's goals and fundamental security objectives, as well as the challenges and opportunities facing the Alliance. The NATO Summit will be held in Madrid next week — from 28 to 30 June.

Alliance officials have spoken about changing NATO's strategic concept at the Madrid summit more than once. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called the forthcoming document “the basis for the era of strategic rivalry.” The U.S. representative to the alliance, Julianne Smith, said: “We basically agree that Russia is the top challenge, the top threat that NATO is currently facing.” The White House announced “broader balance-of-power announcements.”

At the same time, the United States, NATO and other European countries have repeatedly stated that they do not want a military confrontation with Russia. US President Joe Biden pointed out that such a scenario would lead to a world war. This, in particular, he explained the decision not to send US troops to Ukraine. At the same time, after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, NATO reinforced its military contingent in a number of Eastern European countries— Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Bloomberg sources said that Germany intends to increase the number of alliance military deployed in the Baltics.

Russia, for its part, accuses NATO and the United States of ignoring key security issues. In early February, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Moscow was “thrown, well, just deceived”; in connection with the broken promise not to expand the alliance to the east. He called Russia’s special operation in Ukraine in early May a “preemptive rebuff,” since Western countries were supplying weapons to Kyiv and everything indicated that “a clash with neo-Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and its younger partners staked, would be inevitable.”

NATO denied Russia's promises not to expand the alliance to the east. “There is no solution anywhere in which the NATO countries agreed to abandon what is written in the founding NATO treaty, the Washington Treaty” — explained Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

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Zelensky’s office rules out Ukraine’s steps to join NATO

Zelensky's office: Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO Nevertheless, Ukraine expects the North Atlantic Alliance to confirm partnership with Kyiv and hopes that any references to Russia as a partner will be removed from the new NATO strategic concept

Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO, because the members of the alliance have rejected the aspirations of the country. This was stated by Deputy Head of the Office of the Ukrainian President Igor Zhovkva in an interview with The Financial Times.

Kyiv recognizes that Ukraine's accession to NATO is impossible in the short term, but wants the Alliance to confirm the partnership, he stressed.

>

In addition, the Ukrainian authorities hope that NATO will recognize Ukraine's central role in European security during a meeting in Spain, where the members of the alliance will determine the strategic direction of the organization for the next decade.

According to Zhovkva, Ukraine also wants any mention of about Russia as a partner were removed from NATO's strategic concept.

“We expect NATO's strategic concept to contain stronger and harsher warnings against the Russian aggressor. Do not be shy, this is my call to NATO members when formulating provisions regarding Russia, — he said.

In early June, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov noted that NATO should consider granting Ukraine “de facto” rather than “de facto” -jure» alliance membership.

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The NATO Summit will take place on June 28-30 in Madrid, where members will discuss the new NATO Strategic Concept Paper. This document will guide the alliance for the next decade.

The Strategic Concept sets out NATO's purpose, nature and fundamental security objectives, and the challenges and opportunities the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

In the current Strategic Concept, Active Engagement, Modern defense» (2010) outlined three main objectives: collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.

The possibility of Ukraine joining NATO has been discussed for at least the last decades. In April last year, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called NATO membership the only way to end the conflict in Donbas.

The Kremlin has repeatedly said that Ukraine's possible entry into the alliance threatens Russia's security, and NATO itself has been accused of “pumping” ; Ukraine with weapons and “invasion” on the territory of the country “with its own infrastructure”.

After the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly called on NATO to accept the country into the alliance. However, in early March, Zelensky said that Kyiv “has cooled” to this question. “We realized that NATO is not ready to accept Ukraine— the alliance fears contradictions and confrontation with Russia. We will never beg for something on our knees,— he said then.

Head of the Office of the President Mikhail Podolyak admitted that Ukraine could refuse to join NATO if there are security guarantees for the country.

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Biden announces strengthening of NATO

U.S. President Joe Biden will announce new commitments to boost the alliance's defense strength at the upcoming NATO summit, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said. .

According to Kirby, this summit, which will be held in Madrid from June 29 to 30, will be the first time representatives from the Asia-Pacific region will participate.

“This summit will be attended by representatives of Australia for the first time , Japan, New Zealand and South Korea. Biden will convey to everyone present that regardless of the location of the United States, the principles of the territorial integrity of Washington's allies will be protected,” Kirby explained.

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Biden aide announces new NATO statements on balance of power

They should be expected at the NATO summit. Stoltenberg admitted that Russia is recognized as a threat, not a partner “Biden's aide announces new NATO balance of power statements” />

At the NATO summit in Madrid on June 28-30, broader NATO statements on the balance of power are expected, said Special Assistant to the President of the United States, Sr. Director for Europe of the National Security Council (NSC) Amanda Sloat at the Atlantic Council conference. The event was broadcast on YouTube.

“There will be wider announcements about the alignment of forces. The Alliance has been discussing this for a year, since the previous summit. I expect a number of allies to make announcements, — said the aide.

NATO has increased its military presence on the eastern flank in recent months, and “it is very likely that negotiations on the alignment of forces and means will take center stage at the summit next week,” Sloat said.

p>

A new strategic concept for the alliance will also be presented, as the last strategy was developed in 2010, since then the geopolitical situation in Europe has “significantly changed”, Sloat said.

As pointed out by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, speaking about the new strategic concept of the alliance, the bloc no longer considers Russia a partner, now it is a security threat, and about this the countries — NATO members will announce at the summit. The concept will also include China, which Stoltenberg called “a challenge to our interests, our values ​​and our security.”

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Erdogan to bring evidence of Swedish assistance to the PKK to NATO

Turkish President intends to present serial numbers and photographs of Swedish anti-tank grenade launchers captured in Syria and northern Iraq as evidence of support for members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, the Sabah newspaper writes

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the NATO summit in Madrid will show evidence of support from Sweden and Finland for members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK; in Turkey, this organization is recognized as a terrorist organization), the Sabah newspaper writes.

According to the publication, the Turkish president will bring “special documents and files” , confirming the help of the PKK. In particular, serial numbers and photographs of Swedish AT4 anti-tank grenade launchers captured during operations in Syria and northern Iraq will be shown as evidence, Sabah clarifies.

Ankara blocks the entry of Sweden and Finland in NATO. Countries applied in May. According to Erdogan, Turkey will not change its attitude towards the membership of these northern European states in the North Atlantic alliance until they take “clear, concrete and decisive action.” Turkish President considers Sweden and Finland “incubators” for terrorists. Ankara is demanding that Helsinki and Stockholm hand over PKK members to them and close all structures associated with them.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called Turkey's fears about supporting terrorism legitimate. According to him, the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Ankara and make progress on the applications of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible.

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Turkey rejects NATO mediation in talks with Finland and Sweden

Ankara demands specific proposals from Helsinki and Stockholm to counter the activists of the Kurdistan Workers' Party on the territory of these countries. Turkey blocks accession of two states to NATO

Jens Stoltenberg

Turkey rejected NATO's offer to hold trilateral talks with Sweden and Finland over the country's objections to their entry into the alliance, writes the Financial Times, citing three people familiar with it .

Negotiations mediated by NATO were scheduled for June 15, but did not take place, the newspaper reports.

Ankara demands from Helsinki and Stockholm “specific proposals” regarding concerns about the activities recognized as terrorist in Turkey

strong>Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) before it agrees to negotiate. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday reiterated that Turkey will not change its attitude towards the membership of Sweden and Finland in the North Atlantic Alliance until these countries take “clear, concrete and decisive action.” in the fight against terrorism. Earlier, the Turkish leader has already urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO to join the alliance. Turkey's demands have not changed and there is nothing to talk about, he noted.

In May, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO, but Turkey is blocking this process. Erdogan considers northern European countries “incubators” for terrorists, and Sweden, according to him, became the home of the PKK. The Turkish authorities demand that Helsinki and Stockholm hand over PKK members to them and close all structures associated with them on their territories.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during a visit to Sweden on June 13 that the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Turkey and make progress on the requests of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible. Stoltenberg welcomed the readiness of Stockholm to solve the problem, in particular, by changing the legislation regarding the fight against terrorism. He called Turkey's fears legitimate. The Secretary General is sure that it is possible to resolve the issue “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” Stoltenberg said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the intention of the Nordic states to join NATO could exacerbate “an already difficult international security environment.” According to him, the expansion of the alliance at the expense of Sweden and Finland will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but it will respond if the military infrastructure is expanded in these territories.

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Stoltenberg was surprised by the position of Turkey on the membership of Finland and Sweden in NATO

The NATO Secretary General considered Turkey's fears about the entry of Finland and Sweden into the alliance legitimate. Negotiations with Turkey will continue in order to find “a common path forward”, he assured

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg had no reason to believe that Turkey would take a hard line when he promised Finland and Sweden to quickly join the alliance. He spoke about this in an interview with The Financial Times.

“We had no reason to believe that there would be any problems. Turkey's concerns are not new. Turkey— an important ally, and when an ally raises security issues, we must resolve them, — emphasized Stoltenberg.

He called Turkey's concerns about terrorism legitimate. According to him, no NATO ally has suffered from terrorism on such a scale as Ankara. Stoltenberg assured that negotiations with Turkey would continue in order to find “a common path forward.”

At the same time, the NATO Secretary General expressed confidence that it was still possible to overcome the “legitimate” Ankara's fears “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” he concluded.

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join NATO on 18 May. All member countries must approve them, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc.

Ankara explained its decision by the fact that these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey, — for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)— and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

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NATO Secretary General assured that allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, will take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson 21 May said that Stockholm “welcomes the possibility of cooperation in the fight against international terrorism.” and supports the inclusion of the PKK in the list of terrorists. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto spoke about his readiness to guarantee Ankara that links with the PKK will be more closely monitored, but stressed that Helsinki cannot extradite people associated with the party without justice.

The President Russia Vladimir Putin said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO would not create an immediate threat to Moscow, but in the event of an expansion of the military infrastructure of the alliance, the Russian side would take retaliatory actions.

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NATO rejects deadline to host Sweden and Finland at Madrid summit

Stoltenberg: NATO does not consider the Madrid summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden According to Stoltenberg, NATO does not see the summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden. He once again stressed that Turkey's concerns are legitimate

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

NATO does not consider the Madrid summit from 28 to 30 June as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden, said Secretary General organization Jens Stoltenberg at a joint press conference with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö.

“We don't see the Madrid summit as a deadline for Sweden and Finland to join,” — Stoltenberg said, answering a journalist's question, whether NATO will be able to remove Turkey's objections to the admission of these two countries by the time it is held.

According to the Secretary General, Turkey's security concerns are legitimate.

At the same time, Niinistö said that Turkey's objections to his country's accession to NATO came as a surprise to him. “I was surprised by the position of Turkey, but we must take seriously the topics on which it expresses concern. Let's hope that we can find a solution that will suit everyone,— he said.

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. The countries officially applied to join the alliance on May 18.

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NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

Turkey opposed the entry of Sweden and Finland. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), and also imposed sanctions against the republic. Stoltenberg had previously urged that Ankara's concerns be taken into account and that “any security-related problems” be resolved.

Negotiations were held between the parties at the end of May, but they were unsuccessful. Erdogan then called the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere.” Later, Turkish presidential adviser Fahrettin Altun said that Finland and Sweden should not waste time negotiating with NATO, as Turkey's position remains unchanged.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, speaking about the desire of Sweden and Finland to become members NATO, said that the Kremlin regards this as a threat. According to him, Moscow's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” will be expressed; and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

Now Sweden and Finland have the status of states— NATO partners. The bloc members are 30 countries, including Denmark and Norway.

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Finland rules out NATO membership without Sweden

Both countries applied to join the alliance on May 18. Turkey opposes their membership. Russia said that NATO expansion in the region does not pose a “threat”, but retaliatory measures will be taken

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

Finland will not join NATO without Sweden, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said during a press conference with the General NATO Secretary Jens Stoltenberg, who arrived on a visit to Finland. On June 13, Stoltenberg will visit Sweden.

“I say that the Swedish thing— our. This means that we will go forward hand in hand,— said Niinistö (NRK quote).

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join the alliance on 18 May. All member countries must approve their membership in NATO, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc. Ankara is unhappy with the fact that they gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey— for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party – and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

Stoltenberg stressed at a press conference that the allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, would take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara. “Therefore, I remain in close contact with you, Sauli, and your colleagues, with Sweden and with our ally Turkey on this issue. My staff is also in close dialogue with officials from all three countries to resolve legitimate Turkish issues and move forward with your entry into our alliance,— he told the Finnish leader.

Sweden and Finland, previously pursuing a policy of military neutrality, decided to become members of the alliance against the backdrop of a potential “Russian threat”. Both countries plan to join NATO on the condition that no military bases or nuclear weapons will be placed on their territory.

For the rapid accession of the two states to the alliance, US President Joe Biden spoke. He supported Stoltenberg's efforts in resolving this issue, but emphasized that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies. French leader Emmanuel Macron, commenting on Turkey's objections, said that it should “respect the sovereign choice” candidates for membership of the alliance, and expressed hope for a speedy resolution of the issue.

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