El País learned about NATO’s plans for the largest deployment in Europe in 30 years

NATO may decide during the Madrid summit to increase the number of troops stationed in Europe, which will be the bloc's largest deployment since the end of the Cold War. Countries close to Russia are asked to form divisions

NATO countries during the upcoming summit will discuss a possible strengthening of the alliance's presence in Europe, if approved, the number of military personnel deployed on the continent of the bloc will be the largest since the end of the Cold War, El País writes, citing sources.

“Some countries want to move from the current presence in the east of the alliance, consisting of battle groups, to brigades, & mdash; informed interlocutors of the newspaper reported.

Currently, the combat groups stationed in Eastern Europe number from 1-1.6 thousand military, the brigade formation implies an increase in their number at least twice, the newspaper writes. New units can also be armed with more sophisticated weapons, they will be given greater autonomy of action. Members of the alliance closer to Russia insist on the need to form divisions under the command of generals, the number of soldiers in it can reach 15 thousand.

Discussions on the largest deployment took place on Saturday, June 25, at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, El País sources said. According to them, the countries of the bloc intend to update the provisions of the “Position of Defense and Deterrence”, based, in particular, on the set of weapons and troops available to NATO to respond to potential security threats to the Euro-Atlantic region. The Alliance thus intends to demonstrate its readiness to protect its members, the newspaper writes.

El Pa&iacute's sources also noted that the new NATO strategic concept, which is planned to be adopted at the summit, actually “buries ties” with Russia, which have developed until recently. Unofficially, the document is already called the “Madrid Concept”, they note.

In the current strategic concept “Active participation, modern defense” (2010), in relation to Russia, it was said that the country “does not pose any threat”, and cooperation with official Moscow was recognized as “strategically significant”. The new version of the document classifies Russia as a direct and immediate threat due to fear of aggression against members of the alliance, El País interlocutors told.

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NATO's Strategic Concept defines the alliance's long-term strategy. It outlines NATO's goals and fundamental security objectives, as well as the challenges and opportunities facing the Alliance. The NATO Summit will be held in Madrid next week — from 28 to 30 June.

Alliance officials have spoken about changing NATO's strategic concept at the Madrid summit more than once. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called the forthcoming document “the basis for the era of strategic rivalry.” The U.S. representative to the alliance, Julianne Smith, said: “We basically agree that Russia is the top challenge, the top threat that NATO is currently facing.” The White House announced “broader balance-of-power announcements.”

At the same time, the United States, NATO and other European countries have repeatedly stated that they do not want a military confrontation with Russia. US President Joe Biden pointed out that such a scenario would lead to a world war. This, in particular, he explained the decision not to send US troops to Ukraine. At the same time, after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, NATO reinforced its military contingent in a number of Eastern European countries— Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Bloomberg sources said that Germany intends to increase the number of alliance military deployed in the Baltics.

Russia, for its part, accuses NATO and the United States of ignoring key security issues. In early February, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Moscow was “thrown, well, just deceived”; in connection with the broken promise not to expand the alliance to the east. He called Russia’s special operation in Ukraine in early May a “preemptive rebuff,” since Western countries were supplying weapons to Kyiv and everything indicated that “a clash with neo-Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and its younger partners staked, would be inevitable.”

NATO denied Russia's promises not to expand the alliance to the east. “There is no solution anywhere in which the NATO countries agreed to abandon what is written in the founding NATO treaty, the Washington Treaty” — explained Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

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Zelensky’s office rules out Ukraine’s steps to join NATO

Zelensky's office: Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO Nevertheless, Ukraine expects the North Atlantic Alliance to confirm partnership with Kyiv and hopes that any references to Russia as a partner will be removed from the new NATO strategic concept

Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO, because the members of the alliance have rejected the aspirations of the country. This was stated by Deputy Head of the Office of the Ukrainian President Igor Zhovkva in an interview with The Financial Times.

Kyiv recognizes that Ukraine's accession to NATO is impossible in the short term, but wants the Alliance to confirm the partnership, he stressed.

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In addition, the Ukrainian authorities hope that NATO will recognize Ukraine's central role in European security during a meeting in Spain, where the members of the alliance will determine the strategic direction of the organization for the next decade.

According to Zhovkva, Ukraine also wants any mention of about Russia as a partner were removed from NATO's strategic concept.

“We expect NATO's strategic concept to contain stronger and harsher warnings against the Russian aggressor. Do not be shy, this is my call to NATO members when formulating provisions regarding Russia, — he said.

In early June, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov noted that NATO should consider granting Ukraine “de facto” rather than “de facto” -jure» alliance membership.

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The NATO Summit will take place on June 28-30 in Madrid, where members will discuss the new NATO Strategic Concept Paper. This document will guide the alliance for the next decade.

The Strategic Concept sets out NATO's purpose, nature and fundamental security objectives, and the challenges and opportunities the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

In the current Strategic Concept, Active Engagement, Modern defense» (2010) outlined three main objectives: collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.

The possibility of Ukraine joining NATO has been discussed for at least the last decades. In April last year, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called NATO membership the only way to end the conflict in Donbas.

The Kremlin has repeatedly said that Ukraine's possible entry into the alliance threatens Russia's security, and NATO itself has been accused of “pumping” ; Ukraine with weapons and “invasion” on the territory of the country “with its own infrastructure”.

After the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly called on NATO to accept the country into the alliance. However, in early March, Zelensky said that Kyiv “has cooled” to this question. “We realized that NATO is not ready to accept Ukraine— the alliance fears contradictions and confrontation with Russia. We will never beg for something on our knees,— he said then.

Head of the Office of the President Mikhail Podolyak admitted that Ukraine could refuse to join NATO if there are security guarantees for the country.

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Biden announces strengthening of NATO

U.S. President Joe Biden will announce new commitments to boost the alliance's defense strength at the upcoming NATO summit, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said. .

According to Kirby, this summit, which will be held in Madrid from June 29 to 30, will be the first time representatives from the Asia-Pacific region will participate.

“This summit will be attended by representatives of Australia for the first time , Japan, New Zealand and South Korea. Biden will convey to everyone present that regardless of the location of the United States, the principles of the territorial integrity of Washington's allies will be protected,” Kirby explained.

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Biden aide announces new NATO statements on balance of power

They should be expected at the NATO summit. Stoltenberg admitted that Russia is recognized as a threat, not a partner “Biden's aide announces new NATO balance of power statements” />

At the NATO summit in Madrid on June 28-30, broader NATO statements on the balance of power are expected, said Special Assistant to the President of the United States, Sr. Director for Europe of the National Security Council (NSC) Amanda Sloat at the Atlantic Council conference. The event was broadcast on YouTube.

“There will be wider announcements about the alignment of forces. The Alliance has been discussing this for a year, since the previous summit. I expect a number of allies to make announcements, — said the aide.

NATO has increased its military presence on the eastern flank in recent months, and “it is very likely that negotiations on the alignment of forces and means will take center stage at the summit next week,” Sloat said.

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A new strategic concept for the alliance will also be presented, as the last strategy was developed in 2010, since then the geopolitical situation in Europe has “significantly changed”, Sloat said.

As pointed out by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, speaking about the new strategic concept of the alliance, the bloc no longer considers Russia a partner, now it is a security threat, and about this the countries — NATO members will announce at the summit. The concept will also include China, which Stoltenberg called “a challenge to our interests, our values ​​and our security.”

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Erdogan to bring evidence of Swedish assistance to the PKK to NATO

Turkish President intends to present serial numbers and photographs of Swedish anti-tank grenade launchers captured in Syria and northern Iraq as evidence of support for members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, the Sabah newspaper writes

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the NATO summit in Madrid will show evidence of support from Sweden and Finland for members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK; in Turkey, this organization is recognized as a terrorist organization), the Sabah newspaper writes.

According to the publication, the Turkish president will bring “special documents and files” , confirming the help of the PKK. In particular, serial numbers and photographs of Swedish AT4 anti-tank grenade launchers captured during operations in Syria and northern Iraq will be shown as evidence, Sabah clarifies.

Ankara blocks the entry of Sweden and Finland in NATO. Countries applied in May. According to Erdogan, Turkey will not change its attitude towards the membership of these northern European states in the North Atlantic alliance until they take “clear, concrete and decisive action.” Turkish President considers Sweden and Finland “incubators” for terrorists. Ankara is demanding that Helsinki and Stockholm hand over PKK members to them and close all structures associated with them.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called Turkey's fears about supporting terrorism legitimate. According to him, the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Ankara and make progress on the applications of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible.

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Turkey rejects NATO mediation in talks with Finland and Sweden

Ankara demands specific proposals from Helsinki and Stockholm to counter the activists of the Kurdistan Workers' Party on the territory of these countries. Turkey blocks accession of two states to NATO

Jens Stoltenberg

Turkey rejected NATO's offer to hold trilateral talks with Sweden and Finland over the country's objections to their entry into the alliance, writes the Financial Times, citing three people familiar with it .

Negotiations mediated by NATO were scheduled for June 15, but did not take place, the newspaper reports.

Ankara demands from Helsinki and Stockholm “specific proposals” regarding concerns about the activities recognized as terrorist in Turkey

strong>Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) before it agrees to negotiate. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday reiterated that Turkey will not change its attitude towards the membership of Sweden and Finland in the North Atlantic Alliance until these countries take “clear, concrete and decisive action.” in the fight against terrorism. Earlier, the Turkish leader has already urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO to join the alliance. Turkey's demands have not changed and there is nothing to talk about, he noted.

In May, Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO, but Turkey is blocking this process. Erdogan considers northern European countries “incubators” for terrorists, and Sweden, according to him, became the home of the PKK. The Turkish authorities demand that Helsinki and Stockholm hand over PKK members to them and close all structures associated with them on their territories.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during a visit to Sweden on June 13 that the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Turkey and make progress on the requests of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible. Stoltenberg welcomed the readiness of Stockholm to solve the problem, in particular, by changing the legislation regarding the fight against terrorism. He called Turkey's fears legitimate. The Secretary General is sure that it is possible to resolve the issue “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” Stoltenberg said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the intention of the Nordic states to join NATO could exacerbate “an already difficult international security environment.” According to him, the expansion of the alliance at the expense of Sweden and Finland will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but it will respond if the military infrastructure is expanded in these territories.

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Stoltenberg was surprised by the position of Turkey on the membership of Finland and Sweden in NATO

The NATO Secretary General considered Turkey's fears about the entry of Finland and Sweden into the alliance legitimate. Negotiations with Turkey will continue in order to find “a common path forward”, he assured

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg had no reason to believe that Turkey would take a hard line when he promised Finland and Sweden to quickly join the alliance. He spoke about this in an interview with The Financial Times.

“We had no reason to believe that there would be any problems. Turkey's concerns are not new. Turkey— an important ally, and when an ally raises security issues, we must resolve them, — emphasized Stoltenberg.

He called Turkey's concerns about terrorism legitimate. According to him, no NATO ally has suffered from terrorism on such a scale as Ankara. Stoltenberg assured that negotiations with Turkey would continue in order to find “a common path forward.”

At the same time, the NATO Secretary General expressed confidence that it was still possible to overcome the “legitimate” Ankara's fears “within a reasonable time.” “My goal is for Finland and Sweden to become members [of the alliance] as soon as possible,” he concluded.

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join NATO on 18 May. All member countries must approve them, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc.

Ankara explained its decision by the fact that these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey, — for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)— and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

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NATO Secretary General assured that allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, will take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson 21 May said that Stockholm “welcomes the possibility of cooperation in the fight against international terrorism.” and supports the inclusion of the PKK in the list of terrorists. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto spoke about his readiness to guarantee Ankara that links with the PKK will be more closely monitored, but stressed that Helsinki cannot extradite people associated with the party without justice.

The President Russia Vladimir Putin said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO would not create an immediate threat to Moscow, but in the event of an expansion of the military infrastructure of the alliance, the Russian side would take retaliatory actions.

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NATO rejects deadline to host Sweden and Finland at Madrid summit

Stoltenberg: NATO does not consider the Madrid summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden According to Stoltenberg, NATO does not see the summit as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden. He once again stressed that Turkey's concerns are legitimate

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

NATO does not consider the Madrid summit from 28 to 30 June as a deadline for hosting Finland and Sweden, said Secretary General organization Jens Stoltenberg at a joint press conference with Finnish President Sauli Niinistö.

“We don't see the Madrid summit as a deadline for Sweden and Finland to join,” — Stoltenberg said, answering a journalist's question, whether NATO will be able to remove Turkey's objections to the admission of these two countries by the time it is held.

According to the Secretary General, Turkey's security concerns are legitimate.

At the same time, Niinistö said that Turkey's objections to his country's accession to NATO came as a surprise to him. “I was surprised by the position of Turkey, but we must take seriously the topics on which it expresses concern. Let's hope that we can find a solution that will suit everyone,— he said.

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. The countries officially applied to join the alliance on May 18.

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NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

Turkey opposed the entry of Sweden and Finland. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), and also imposed sanctions against the republic. Stoltenberg had previously urged that Ankara's concerns be taken into account and that “any security-related problems” be resolved.

Negotiations were held between the parties at the end of May, but they were unsuccessful. Erdogan then called the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere.” Later, Turkish presidential adviser Fahrettin Altun said that Finland and Sweden should not waste time negotiating with NATO, as Turkey's position remains unchanged.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, speaking about the desire of Sweden and Finland to become members NATO, said that the Kremlin regards this as a threat. According to him, Moscow's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” will be expressed; and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

Now Sweden and Finland have the status of states— NATO partners. The bloc members are 30 countries, including Denmark and Norway.

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Finland rules out NATO membership without Sweden

Both countries applied to join the alliance on May 18. Turkey opposes their membership. Russia said that NATO expansion in the region does not pose a “threat”, but retaliatory measures will be taken

Jens Stoltenberg and Sauli Niinistö

Finland will not join NATO without Sweden, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said during a press conference with the General NATO Secretary Jens Stoltenberg, who arrived on a visit to Finland. On June 13, Stoltenberg will visit Sweden.

“I say that the Swedish thing— our. This means that we will go forward hand in hand,— said Niinistö (NRK quote).

Helsinki and Stockholm applied to join the alliance on 18 May. All member countries must approve their membership in NATO, but Turkey opposed the accession of these northern European countries to the bloc. Ankara is unhappy with the fact that they gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist in Turkey— for example, the Kurdistan Workers' Party – and did not issue them at the request of the Turkish side. In addition, Sweden and Finland imposed sanctions against the republic.

Stoltenberg stressed at a press conference that the allies, when considering applications from Helsinki and Stockholm, would take into account the concerns of all parties, including Ankara. “Therefore, I remain in close contact with you, Sauli, and your colleagues, with Sweden and with our ally Turkey on this issue. My staff is also in close dialogue with officials from all three countries to resolve legitimate Turkish issues and move forward with your entry into our alliance,— he told the Finnish leader.

Sweden and Finland, previously pursuing a policy of military neutrality, decided to become members of the alliance against the backdrop of a potential “Russian threat”. Both countries plan to join NATO on the condition that no military bases or nuclear weapons will be placed on their territory.

For the rapid accession of the two states to the alliance, US President Joe Biden spoke. He supported Stoltenberg's efforts in resolving this issue, but emphasized that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies. French leader Emmanuel Macron, commenting on Turkey's objections, said that it should “respect the sovereign choice” candidates for membership of the alliance, and expressed hope for a speedy resolution of the issue.

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Who is a conscript in NATO?

“Argumenty i Fakty” Weekly No. 23. What else will the West freeze itself to spite Russia 08/06/2022 active military service was preserved only in 8. These are Albania, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Norway, Portugal, Turkey and Estonia. At the same time, each country has its own characteristics. In Estonia, non-citizens are not drafted into the army. Every year, the Danes play in the nationwide lottery: who will go to serve, and who will be immediately enrolled in the reserve. In Turkey for "deviationism" you can go to  prison, but there is a legal way to pay off conscription with money.

Conscription is not available in Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Canada, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Sev. Macedonia, Slovakia, Slovenia, USA, France, Croatia, Montenegro and the Czech Republic. Iceland, which joined NATO in 1949 , is not included in one of            there is no army at all. Of the       potential members of the Alliance                    

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Bloomberg learned about Germany’s plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania

The German military contingent in Lithuania as part of the NATO mission will expand to 1.5 thousand people, now it has about 1 thousand military personnel. Germany will also create a special battalion in Lithuania for rapid response, there is no infrastructure yet ” alt=”Bloomberg learned about Germany's plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania” />

Germany will send another 500 troops to Lithuania, expanding the military contingent in the republic to about 1.5 thousand people, this was done in as part of NATO's efforts to reinforce the eastern flank, people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg and Reuters.

In the plans of the German government— to increase the military contingent in the alliance's mission to 3,000 troops, Bloomberg interlocutors added. According to them, due to the lack of housing for the military in Lithuania and other problems with logistics, an additional 1.5 thousand people will be in constant combat readiness in Germany as a replacement reserve unit.

At the same time, according to According to Reuters sources in the German government, the number of soldiers in the brigade, who will be ready for operational deployment to Lithuania, will be about 3 thousand people.

Bloomberg writes that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is likely to announce the dispatch of 500 troops to Lithuania on Thursday, June 9. On this day, he is scheduled to meet with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Berlin, where the head of the alliance will meet with German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht.

Scholz announced his readiness to increase the military contingent in Germany the day before , June 7, during a visit to Lithuania. He noted: “We are ready to strengthen our interaction and develop it to a powerful combat brigade,” — emphasizing Germany's readiness to “defend every inch of NATO territory”.

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda then said that the conditions for the permanent deployment of the battalion would be created within one to one and a half years, LRT reported. “I pointed out to the chancellor that it makes sense for us to have an additional battalion here for constant exercises, for constant training <…> We have to do some work: the construction of barracks, places of deployment, infrastructure,»,— he clarified.

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At the end of May, Scholz announced the creation in Germany of the largest regular army among NATO countries in Europe. According to him, this will allow the country to significantly strengthen its own security and the security of allies. The German authorities also agreed to set up a special fund worth €100 billion, the funds from which will be used to modernize the armed forces, Handelsblatt wrote.

“The German Bundeswehr will be strengthened. He will be able to carry out his defense tasks better than ever, and he will be able to contribute to NATO so that we can protect ourselves from outside attacks at any time, — Scholz added then.

According to the Global Firepower portal, which provides analytics on the military forces of 142 countries, at the beginning of February among European countries— NATO members in terms of the number of military in active service, France was in the lead & mdash; 205 thousand people, while in Germany there are 184 thousand

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NATO threatens Russia with deployment of nuclear weapons in Sweden and Finland

The North Atlantic Alliance is ready to give an atomic bomb to new members if they wish

NATO will not provide Russia with any guarantees that its nuclear weapons will not be in Finland and Sweden if these countries join into a block. This statement was made on the air by an official representative of the North Atlantic Alliance, and without any apparent reason: as you know, so far the Finnish and Swedish applications for membership in the military-political organization have been blocked. At the same time, according to the expert, NATO's statement was quite expected in the context of Russian rhetoric, and now Moscow's response will also follow.

Photo: dvidshub.net

Deputy Secretary General of the Alliance Camille Grand, speaking on the air of a Swiss TV channel, noted that there are no guarantees for Russia regarding the absence of nuclear weapons in Sweden and Finland in the future.

“Every state has the freedom in the nuclear field to accept or not to accept (nuclear) weapons. We are not talking about setting limits,” the NATO representative emphasized.

So far, however, it is premature to touch upon such issues: neither Finland nor Sweden have officially entered the alliance, although, according to Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, they are welcomed there “with open arms.” The reason is Turkey's veto, which requires the Scandinavian states to reconsider their position on the Kurdish issue. So far, negotiations between Stockholm and Helsinki on the one hand and Ankara on the other are going neither shaky nor roll.

Back in May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the likely expansion of the alliance with two new members essentially changes little. “Finland, Sweden and other neutral countries have been participating in NATO military exercises for many years now, and NATO takes their territory into account in military planning for moving to the east. Therefore, in this sense, there probably isn’t much difference,” the Russian Foreign Minister noted. However, even earlier, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia Dmitry Medvedev emphasized that Moscow's answer would follow: “We can no longer talk about any non-nuclear status of the Baltic – the balance must be restored,” in particular, he said.

In this regard, the expected reminder of the alliance about the failure to present any guarantees to Moscow (and it was difficult to give them even in calmer times) no longer sounds like an on-duty “hairpin”, but resembles a declaration of intent. However, according to the head of the Center for International Security of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Arbatov, in reality, NATO will hardly decide to deploy nuclear weapons on the Finnish and Swedish territories.

“This is a gesture of deterrence on the part of the alliance. Probably, such weapons will not appear in Finland and Sweden, it is at least meaningless from a strategic point of view,” the expert noted in a conversation with MK. “Rather, we see a response to statements made by Russia, including the issue of depriving the Baltics of its “non-nuclear status”, although it has never been legally registered there and was not. These are issues that must be handled carefully, otherwise threats may follow from the other side.”

According to Aleksey Arbatov, Moscow's reaction is likely to be a mirror image – with the assumption of the deployment of its nuclear weapons in the region. In response, NATO may also re-warn of similar moves. “It is not clear why the current statement was made so belatedly, apparently, the fact that Stoltenberg had previously inadvertently talked about the possibility of transferring American nuclear weapons from Germany farther to the east of Europe played. This, as you know, caused a storm of indignation in Russia, and the West was also pleased not all. Therefore, now, apparently, it took longer to agree on a position, “concluded Alexei Arbatov.

As for the Finnish and Swedish population, the residents of potential NATO member countries, although they support joining the bloc, in issues of the transfer of weapons are much more restrained. According to opinion polls, one way or another, less than 40% of the citizens of Finland and Sweden are in favor of deploying nuclear weapons in their homeland. Even supporters of membership in the alliance believe that for their security, the operation of Article V of the North Atlantic Treaty (on collective defense), which regards a threat to one state of the bloc as a threat to the entire association, will be enough for them. The proportion of those who advocate the mandatory strengthening of the NATO military presence (manpower or weapons) on Finnish and Swedish lands is only about 10% -20%, while for the majority, the involvement of Stockholm and Helsinki in the regular joint exercises that Lavrov mentioned is enough.

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NATO exercises with 45 ships to take place in the Baltic Sea

Exercise Baltops 2022 will be held from 5 to 17 June, and will be attended by 14 NATO countries and partner countries Sweden and Finland, which applied to join the alliance in May

In the Baltic Sea from 5 to 17 June will be the annual NATO military exercises Baltops 2022, according to the website of the alliance. They are dedicated to the 500th anniversary of the Swedish Navy.

14 NATO countries and partner states Sweden and Finland, as well as more than 7 thousand military personnel, 75 aircraft and 45 ships, including including the American aircraft carrier USS Kearsarge.

The coordination of actions will be carried out by the aviation operations control center in Uedem (Germany). The exercises will begin in Stockholm and end in German Kiel.

The NATO countries, as well as Sweden and Finland, will work out joint actions in the air, on land and at sea. These include amphibious operations, navigation operations, interception, anti-submarine warfare, mine protection, medical evacuation at sea.

The Commanders of the Air Forces of Finland and Sweden, Major General Juha-Pekka Keränen and Major General Carl Johan Edström, discussed closer integration of their Air Forces with NATO partners. In particular, they discussed the applications of Helsinki and Stockholm to join NATO, as well as the potential integration of the airspace of Finland and Sweden into the mechanisms of patrolling NATO airspace.

Before the start of the exercise, the head of the US Chiefs of Staff, Mark Milley, said in Stockholm that the accession of Finland and Sweden to the alliance would put Russia in a “difficult military situation,” Reuters quoted him as saying. If they enter, the coastline of the Baltic Sea, with the exception of short strips around Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg, will be surrounded by NATO countries. “Therefore, this will be very problematic for them from a military point of view and will be very beneficial for NATO,” Millie said.

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In mid-May, Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO. Turkey does not agree with this.

President Vladimir Putin at the CSTO summit said that Russia “has no problems with these states”, so their membership in the alliance does not pose an immediate threat to Russia. However, Moscow will react “appropriately” in the event of the expansion of NATO's military infrastructure on the territory of these countries, he warned.

The Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, noted that Moscow was not going to put up with the advance of the alliance to the north of Europe. “They should not have any illusions that we will simply put up with this, as well as in Brussels, Washington and other NATO capitals. That is, the general level of military tension will increase, and there will be less predictability in this area, — said Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.

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Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO

Now Turkey, Sweden and Finland have nothing to talk about, first they must satisfy the expectations of the Turkish authorities, the presidential adviser said. Turkey seeks both countries to extradite PKK members to it =”Turkey urged Sweden and Finland not to waste time negotiating with NATO” />

Sweden and Finland should not waste time negotiating with NATO about membership in the alliance, since Turkey's requirements on this matter have not changed and there is nothing to talk about. This opinion was expressed in an interview with the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter by the adviser to the Turkish president, Fahrettin Altun.

“Turkey's demands for Finnish and Swedish membership in NATO remain unchanged, and there is nothing to negotiate. It is wrong for Finland and Sweden to waste NATO's time at these critical moments, — he said.

Instead of negotiating with an alliance, Sweden should make sure things are in line with “reasonable expectations” Turkish government, Altun believes.

“Under the current circumstances, it is impossible to explain to the Turkish people how and why Turkey should be in a military alliance with a country that offers asylum to the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party.— RBC)»,— explained the EA.

Turkey refuses to support the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO and demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees. Turkish authorities consider the PKK a terrorist organization.

On May 25, Turkish, Finnish and Swedish representatives held talks in Ankara. After that, sources told Reuters that the meeting was not easy, and its participants made “little progress”; and did not achieve clear results. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he was not satisfied with the outcome of the talks. The day before, the head of state spoke on the phone with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and noted that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate “allied solidarity” before joining. Erdogan demanded that Helsinki and Stockholm prove that they do not support terrorism and are ready to lift sanctions against Turkey.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the intention of Sweden and Finland to join NATO could aggravate “an already difficult situation in the field of international security.” NATO expansion at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but Moscow will respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories, Putin emphasized.

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Ukraine offered NATO to grant it “de facto” membership

According to Reznikov, Ukraine will already be part of the NATO strategy, since it also represents “part of the eastern flank of Europe”

Oleksiy Reznikov

NATO at the summit in June should consider granting Ukraine “de facto”, not “de jure” membership in the alliance, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov said, according to Reuters.

At this summit, NATO plans to adopt a new strategy.

“I think that if we are talking about Ukraine's membership in NATO de facto, and not de jure, this might be a good idea for this strategy,” — Reznikov said at the GLOBSEC 2022 forum in Bratislava.

According to him, Ukraine will already be part of this strategy, since it “has part of the eastern flank of Europe, the eastern flank of the NATO countries, the eastern flank of the EU.” “I believe it will be a win-win for all countries,” — said the minister.

The possibility of Ukraine joining NATO has been discussed for at least the last decades. In April 2021, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called NATO membership the only way to end the conflict in Donbass, and in June Zelensky called on NATO to immediately resolve the issue of the country's membership in the alliance.

The Kremlin has repeatedly stated that the possible entry of Ukraine into the alliance threatens the security of Russia, and NATO itself was accused of “pumping” Ukraine with weapons and “invasion” on the territory of the country “with its own infrastructure”. After negotiations with the United States and NATO on security guarantees that did not produce a visible result, Russia on February 24 launched a special operation in Ukraine. Its goals were declared by President Vladimir Putin to be the “demilitarization” of and “denazification” neighboring state and protecting the inhabitants of Donbass from “genocide”.

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After the start of the special operation, the Ukrainian authorities repeatedly called on NATO to accept Ukraine into the alliance. However, in early March, Zelensky said that Kyiv “has cooled” to this question. “We realized that NATO is not ready to accept Ukraine— the alliance fears contradictions and confrontation with Russia. We will never beg for something on our knees, we will not be such a country, and I will not become such a president, — he said then.

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Turkey cancels a number of NATO military exercises in the Black Sea

According to the head of the Turkish Foreign Ministry, the previously planned NATO exercises in the Black Sea were canceled in accordance with the Montreux Convention, which during military operations in the region restricts the entry of military vessels into the water area

Frigate “Yldirim” Turkish Navy in the port of Odessa, archive photo

Turkey has canceled and postponed a number of NATO military exercises in connection with the provisions of the Montreux Convention on the exclusion of warships from the Black Sea. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu spoke about this in an interview with Anadolu agency.

“There were NATO exercises that were pre-planned. We have canceled them and postponed them. That is, we play an important role, — he said (quote from Sondakika).

The Montreux Convention of 1936— a document restoring Turkey's sovereignty over the Bosphorus and Dardanelles from the Black to the Mediterranean Sea.

Article 19 of the convention provides that during a war to which Turkey is not a party, warships of the parties to the conflict cannot pass through the straits.

A few days after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, Ankara, in accordance with the Montreux Convention, closed the straits for warships of Russia and Ukraine. At the same time, the warships of the two countries could pass through the straits to return to their main anchorage ports.

With a request to close the straits, Kyiv turned to Turkey on February 24, the day the hostilities began in Ukraine. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky later thanked Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan for this decision. “The ban on the passage of Russian warships to the Black Sea and significant military, humanitarian assistance are extremely important today,” — Zelensky pointed out.

The Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, along with the Sea of ​​Marmara, connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean. This is the only way from the Black Sea to the World Ocean. Turkey controls both shores of the straits.

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Erdogan was dissatisfied with the negotiations with Finland and Sweden on NATO

The negotiations of the Finnish and Swedish delegations with the Turkish authorities were not at the expected level, Erdogan said. According to him, as long as he is president, Ankara will not approve the entry into NATO of countries that “support terrorism”

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he was not satisfied with the outcome of negotiations with representatives of the delegations of Sweden and Finland on the prospects for these countries to join NATO, TRT reports.

“Unfortunately, the meeting of the delegations was not at the same level , which we expected»,— he said, answering journalists' questions about whether Turkey's security concerns had been resolved, and Stockholm and Helsinki agreed to the demand for the extradition of terrorists (Ankara considers members of the PKK to be them).

The Turkish leader also reproached Finland and Sweden for being “dishonest and insincere”. “As long as Erdogan is the president of Turkey, we definitely cannot say yes; accession to NATO of countries that support terrorism, — he added (quoted by Reuters).

Negotiations of the Finnish and Swedish delegations with the Turkish authorities on the entry of the Scandinavian countries into NATO were held on May 25 in Ankara. Following their results, Erdogan's representative Ibrahim Kalin said that Turkey had presented its demands, under which it was ready to reconsider its position. Among them, as the Turkiye newspaper wrote, — extradition to Turkey of members of the PKK, the closure of all organizations associated with structures that Ankara considers terrorist, and the provision of appropriate guarantees to the Turkish side.

According to Reuters sources, the negotiations were not easy, the parties made “little progress”; and made no clear progress.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18, explaining their decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. Stockholm and Helsinki stressed that such a move is not directed against Moscow.

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Turkey called NATO expansion impossible without fulfilling its requirements

The process of Sweden and Finland joining NATO will not move forward until Turkey's concerns are satisfied, Kalın said. Earlier, Ankara demanded that the two countries conclude a written agreement Turkey called it impossible to expand NATO without fulfilling its requirements” />

Turkish and Finnish delegations during the talks

Without satisfying Turkey's fears, there can be no talk of any progress in the process of Finland and Sweden's accession to NATO, said Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin, Yeni Şafak reports.

Earlier, negotiations were held in Ankara between Turkish, Swedish and Finnish delegation.

“We have made it clear that the process [of Sweden and Finland joining NATO] will not move forward unless Turkey's concerns are resolved through concrete action and within a certain time frame,”— said Kalyn.

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on 18 May. First they will be considered by the main political body of the bloc — The Council of the North Atlantic Alliance, and then the agreement must be ratified by all 30 states — NATO members.

Turkey opposed the admission of Sweden and Finland to NATO. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, these countries gave asylum to members of organizations recognized as terrorist by Ankara, in particular the Kurdistan Workers' Party. (PKK), and also imposed sanctions against the republic.

Turkey wants Sweden and Finland to “stop supporting terrorists” and wants to conclude a written agreement with these countries. It will include the recognition of the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist, the refusal to admit its members to the parliaments of the two countries, as well as the acceleration of the procedure for the extradition of “terrorists”; at the request of Ankara, Sabah wrote. According to Kalin, Ankara has already conveyed its demands.

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Finland has previously announced its readiness to guarantee Ankara that ties with the PKK will be more closely monitored in the country, but ruled out the extradition of members of the PKK or those associated with it people without justice. In Sweden, in turn, they recalled that the government of the country included the PKK in the list of terrorist organizations back in 1984.

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The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a “theater of war” because of NATO

The Arctic may become an international theater of war due to the increased military presence of different states, the Foreign Ministry warns. The Ministry believes that the aspiration of Sweden and Finland to join NATO worsens the situation u003d “The Foreign Ministry saw the risk of turning the Arctic into a” theater of war “because of NATO” />

The desire of Finland and Sweden to join NATO is a manifestation of a trend towards increased military activity in the Arctic and “high latitudes” , said “RIA Novosti” Ambassador-at-Large of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chairman of the Committee of Senior Officials of the Arctic Council Nikolai Korchunov.

“This is, of course, a very disturbing trend.” transformation of the Arctic region into an international theater of military operations. We can't help but worry, — said the diplomat.

Korchunov also pointed to the “internationalization of military activities.” In his opinion, the previous policy of Helsinki and Stockholm in the issue of not joining military alliances formed a solid foundation for stability and peace in the region, but a possible accession to NATO is unlikely to have the same effect.

Five countries have direct access to the Arctic Ocean: Russia, the USA, Norway, Canada, Denmark and the USA. At the same time, Finland, Sweden and Iceland do not have oceanic borders with the Arctic, but they position themselves as subarctic states. According to the US Geological Survey, about 22% of the world's undiscovered hydrocarbon resources are located in the Arctic: these are oil, gas and gas condensate. In addition, there is uranium, gold, diamonds and rare earth metals.

According to the strategy for the development of the Arctic until 2035, approved by President Vladimir Putin in 2020, Russian troops stationed in the Arctic zone must be equipped with modern weapons and equipment. The document also talks about the need to improve the infrastructure. In December of the same year, the president announced that Russia would “grow” in the coming decades. Arctic and territories of the North, he pointed out that these are “obvious” events.

The Foreign Ministry in mid-April saw the risk of “unintentional incidents” in the Arctic. Korchunov pointed to the Cold Response 2022 military exercises that took place in March & April in Norway. 30 thousand people from 27 states took part in them, including & mdash; from Finland and Sweden, which have the status of an alliance partner.

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Finland and Sweden announced their desire to join NATO after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. At the end of February, for the first time, the majority of surveyed Finns (53%) supported the initiative of joining the country to the alliance, Yle reported, while in 2017 22% of respondents approved of this idea, and in January 2022— only 30%. «Russia— not the neighbor we thought she was,— said Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin in early April.

Sweden and Finland applied to NATO in mid-May, but Turkish authorities warned they would block their accession as Helsinki and Stockholm imposed sanctions on the country and refused to extradite PKK members to Ankara. (RPK). It is considered terrorist in Turkey. Turkish President Recep Erdogan said that Sweden and Finland should demonstrate their readiness to cooperate on the PKK issue.

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Putin, in a conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö, called the decision of the country's authorities a “mistake” and assured that Moscow did not pose a threat to Helsinki. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev warned that Russia would have to increase the grouping of armed forces in the Gulf of Finland and noted that “there will no longer be any talk of a non-nuclear status of the Baltic” the balance must be restored».

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Truss announced plans to arm Moldova “according to NATO standards”

The head of the British Foreign Office said that this issue is being discussed with the member states of the military bloc. The intention to provide military assistance to Chisinau after the aggravation of the situation in Transnistria was previously announced by the EU and the USA .jpg” alt=”Truss announced plans to arm Moldova “according to NATO standards”” />

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss

The UK is discussing with its allies in the North Atlantic Alliance the supply of modern weapons to Moldova, Foreign Minister Liz Truss said in an interview with The Telegraph. She called the republic a “vulnerable state”.

“I would like to see Moldova armed according to NATO standards”,— the minister said. If the members of the alliance agree, then Chisinau will be provided with new types of weapons, and the soldiers of the Moldovan army will be taught how to use them, the newspaper writes.

The Republic borders on Odessa, Vinnitsa and Chernivtsi regions of Ukraine in the north, east and south. On May 19, French President Emmanuel Macron warned that the conflict in Ukraine could spread to Moldova. “Recent incidents in Transnistria show that the spread of the conflict to neighboring countries is not excluded,” — he declared.

Moldovan Prime Minister Natalia Gavrilitsa said on May 18 that Chisinau is aware of the risk of a situation in the immediate vicinity of the borders or on the territory of Moldova, but so far considers the danger distant. The head of government stressed that the republic plans to maintain the neutrality prescribed in the Constitution and is not going to join NATO after Sweden and Finland.

Russian peacekeepers have been in Pridnestrovie since 1992. Chisinau calls on Russia to withdraw them from the republic.

On April 22, the Ministry of Defense announced that during the second phase of the special operation in Ukraine, the Russian military was going to establish “full control over the Donbass and southern Ukraine.” The department indicated that control over the south of the neighboring state would allow providing another corridor to Transnistria, where “there are facts of oppression of the Russian-speaking population.”

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After that, a series of incidents took place in the unrecognized republic, which Tiraspol considered terrorist attacks: an explosion near the building of the Ministry of State Security, two explosions at a radio and television center in the village of Mayak (disabled antennas relayed Russian radio), an attack on a military unit in the village of Parkany. On April 26, the PMR authorities declared a red level of terrorist threat.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky accused Russia of trying to destabilize the situation in the region. The official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, said that unknown people want to involve Transnistria in the conflict.

Chairman of the European Council Charles Michel promised in early May that the EU would provide additional military support to Moldova: provide assistance in the field of cybersecurity and take action to ” “strengthening the military power of the country”. He did not give details and called for “refraining from provocative statements” in order to prevent an escalation in Moldova and Transnistria. Before that, the United States announced its intention to continue supporting the modernization of the Moldovan army.

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Erdogan called NATO a condition for joining the alliance of Sweden and Finland

NATO chief Stoltenberg agreed that it is necessary to take into account the interests of Turkey, and pointed out the need to continue negotiations to find a solution for the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg held talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance. The head of the organization wrote about this on Twitter.

During the conversation, he pointed out the importance of the principle of “open doors”; in NATO. The Turkish leader also said that he supports this policy.

“We agree that it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies and continue negotiations to find a solution,”— emphasized Stoltenberg.

Nevertheless, Erdogan stressed that Ankara will not support the entry of the two Scandinavian countries into the alliance until they demonstrate their readiness to cooperate in the fight against terrorism, Reuters reports.

Speaker of the Finnish Parliamentarian Matti Vanhanen told YLE that Finland “certainly” join NATO. At the same time, he stressed that Helsinki cannot agree to change its legal norms because of Ankara.

“Turkey must understand that there is no chance of a political agreement. Innocent people are not extradited to another country, especially if there is a risk that they will be imprisoned or unreasonably convicted, — said Vanhanen.

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Earlier on May 21, Erdogan, during a telephone conversation with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinistö, stated that support for representatives of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which Ankara considers a terrorist organization, is unacceptable. He urged Sweden to stop financial and military support for the groups.

In mid-May, Stockholm and Helsinki applied to join NATO. However, the Turkish president said that Ankara would not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed anti-Turkish sanctions.

According to the Turkish publication Sabah, Turkey proposed a manifesto to Sweden and Finland, the adoption of which became a condition for approval applications for NATO membership. Ankara urged to avoid contacts with the leaders of the PKK, to refuse to accept PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, to expedite the procedure for their extradition to Turkey.

The National Security Adviser to the American President Jake Sullivan on May 19 expressed confidence that Turkey's doubts would be resolved and NATO countries will unanimously decide on the countries' membership in the alliance.

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Ambassador of Ukraine allowed the country to join NATO after the end of the conflict

Ukrainian ambassador to Germany: Ukraine can join NATO after the end of the conflict Ukraine can still join NATO and contribute to the defense of the countries of the alliance “due to its strong army”, said the Ukrainian ambassador to Germany Melnyk. After that, he again accused Scholz of not supplying heavy weapons. =”The Ambassador of Ukraine allowed the country to join NATO after the end of the conflict” />

Ukraine can become a member of NATO not in the midst of a military conflict, but, perhaps, immediately after it ends. This was stated by Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk in an interview with RND.

When asked by a journalist what the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO would mean for Ukraine, Melnyk replied that this would be “good news”. He expressed hope that this would increase Ukraine's chances of quickly becoming a member of the alliance.

“I think that this [Ukraine's membership in NATO] can happen faster than some people think,”— Melnik noted. According to him, Kyiv has shown that it can contribute to the defense of NATO countries “due to its strong army.”

At the same time, the Ukrainian ambassador shared that Kyiv has the impression that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is not wants to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons.

“He does not seem ready to finally implement the historic decision on heavy weapons, although there is a decision of the German parliament on this issue, which was adopted three weeks ago,” emphasized Melnik.

It looks like Berlin is waiting for a truce, when there are no more “bold decisions,” he added. The Ukrainian ambassador also said that the fact that Olaf Scholz does not yet plan to visit Kyiv is “troubling and annoying”; the Ukrainian side.

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In early March, Melnik called the German chancellor an “insulted liver sausage”; after he called an obstacle to his visit to Kyiv the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to receive German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

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Bush Jr appreciated the promise not to expand NATO with the words “times are changing”

Pranksters who spoke with the ex-president on behalf of Zelensky recalled the promise not to expand NATO, in response, Bush explained that Washington must adapt to the times. He also stated that he wanted to see Ukraine in the alliance

George W. Bush

Former US President George W. Bush said he would like to see Ukraine in the EU and NATO and expected Russia to be more accommodating on this issue. The video with the former head of state was shown by pranksters Vovan and Lexus, who called him on behalf of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, at the New Horizons marathon. society “Knowledge”.

“I felt that Ukraine should be in the EU and NATO”,— Bush Jr. said when asked if he wanted to see Ukraine in the North Atlantic alliance.

Commenting on a remark that former State Department chief James Baker promised Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev not to expand the alliance eastward, Bush Jr. pointed out that “times are changing.”

“Baker was secretary of state under my father, that was many years ago. This means that the United States also needs to adapt flexibly to the times. And that is why now you find such powerful support for our country, & mdash; he said.

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The ex-president noted that he wanted Ukraine to join NATO and thought that Russia would be “more accommodating”.

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“But then [Russian President Vladimir] Putin changed dramatically”,— Bush Jr. said. According to the ex-president, Putin wanted to stay “on the edge of NATO” in order to control that the alliance was not offensive, but defensive.

Putin said late last year that the West had repeatedly ignored Russian concerns about NATO expansion. According to the president, the alliance responded to Moscow's reminders of its promise not to expand eastward: “Where is it written on a piece of paper? There is not. Well, that's it, you go away. Putin also pointed out that the bloc “threw” and deceived Russia. After that, Moscow sent proposals on security guarantees to NATO and the United States, but consultations on this issue did not reach a result.

Ukraine fixed the course towards joining NATO in its Constitution under former President Petro Poroshenko in 2019. Russia calls the refusal of the Ukrainian side to join the alliance one of the main requirements when discussing a peace agreement with Kyiv (at the moment, negotiations on it are suspended). As the President of Russia explained in early March, Ukraine's intention to join the bloc could lead to a war between Russia and the entire alliance, since “No one recognizes Crimea as Russian.”

Kyiv after the start of the Russian military operation, he repeatedly said that the country was ready to be a neutral and non-nuclear state, but in return he demanded security guarantees from other countries. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky noted that Ukraine had heard about the bloc's open doors for years, but realized that “it could not enter there.” NATO promised to respect any decision on Ukraine's membership.

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Erdogan’s party invites NATO to fight terrorism

The alliance must fight its “greatest battle” against terrorism, says the deputy head of the Justice and Development Party. He again spoke out against the support of Finland and Sweden for the Kurds, whom Turkey considers terrorists ” alt=”Erdogan's party proposed NATO to fight terrorism” />

NATO should focus on fighting terrorism, said Omer Celik, deputy head and official representative of Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), NTV reports. .

“In any case, the new NATO member states must sever ties with terrorism. NATO's greatest battle must be against terrorism,— said Celik.

He again demanded that Sweden and Finland, who applied for membership in the alliance, express clearly and clearly their position in relation to organizations that Ankara considers terrorist.

“The question is not to convince Turkey (to support their applications. — RBC), but to convince these countries to stop supporting terrorist organizations»,— concluded Celik.

Turkey does not support Finland and Sweden joining the North Atlantic Alliance because of their refusal to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and FETO, whom it considers terrorists. Turkey also requires them to publicly recognize these associations as terrorist.

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The day before, the Financial Times wrote that Turkey, at a meeting of the alliance's ambassadors, blocked the start of negotiations on the accession of Finland and Sweden. National Security Adviser to the US President Jake Sullivan believes that in the end Turkey's fears will be resolved and the Scandinavian countries will join NATO.

Officially, Stockholm and Helsinki filed applications for joining the alliance on May 18.

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Beijing called on NATO and the EU for a comprehensive dialogue with Russia

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that the international community should join forces to establish peace and “take concrete actions to cool the conflict, and not add fuel to the fire”

Wang Yi

China calls on NATO and The EU will start a comprehensive dialogue with Russia, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at a video conference meeting with the Foreign Ministers of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa), his words are quoted on the website of the Chinese Foreign Ministry.

He noted that the Ukrainian crisis is dragging on. “Arms deliveries cannot lead to peace in Ukraine, and sanctions and pressure cannot solve the problem of European security,” — says the head of the Chinese Foreign Ministry.

The global community must join forces to establish peace and “take concrete action to cool the conflict, not add fuel to the fire.” “China expects Russia and Ukraine to overcome difficulties and continue peace talks,” — noted by Wang Yi.

Beijing opposes forcing other countries to choose one side. According to the Chinese minister, the crisis affects the development of international trade and the stability of production and supply chains, threatening global food, energy and financial security. “Efforts should be made to reduce side effects, especially to support vulnerable developing countries in overcoming difficulties,” urged Wang Yi.

The minister wished the BRICS countries to adhere to the “principles of independence, objectivity and impartiality” in the Ukrainian problem, and also to do everything possible to establish peace.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said he would like China to side with his country. Kyiv also expects that Beijing will act as one of the guarantors of the republic's security.

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Chinese President Xi Jinping, in a conversation with US President Joe Biden, called the crisis in Ukraine “not something China would like to see.” In his opinion, the conflict is not in anyone's interests, and the United States and China should take “due international responsibility and make efforts for world peace and tranquility.” The official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Zhao Lijian, speaking about the position of the PRC, argued that the Chinese side has always taken “the initiative of reconciliation and negotiations.”

Beijing did not join the sanctions against Russia after the start of the military operation.

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Sweden and Finland apply to join NATO

The ambassadors of Sweden and Finland applied for these countries to join NATO. Putin said that their entry into the alliance would not pose a threat to Russia, but it would respond if the military infrastructure in these territories was expanded. .

Now applications for membership must be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance— the main political governing body of NATO. Then the agreement on membership of the countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries included in the bloc.

Sweden and Finland declared their intention to join NATO NATO against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Finland noted that the decision on membership in the alliance is not directed against anyone. According to President Sauli Niinistö, the country wants to “strengthen its security.”

The material is being supplemented.

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FT learned of Turkey’s blocking of negotiations on Sweden and Finland in NATO

Ankara prevented the consideration of the applications of the two countries to join the alliance. Erdogan said earlier that Turkey will not approve the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO due to sanctions and the lack of a clear position towards the Kurds

Turkey blocked the start of negotiations in NATO on joining the North Atlantic Alliance of Finland and Sweden, according to the Financial Times, citing a source.

According to the newspaper, NATO ambassadors met on Wednesday, May 18, to discuss the applications for joining the bloc, which were submitted by Helsinki and Stockholm, but Ankara did not give negotiations begin.

NATO declined to comment on information about the blocking of negotiations and cited the statement of Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg that “it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies.” According to him, the alliance expects to “work through all the issues and come to a quick solution.”

The FT notes that the delay caused by Turkey's actions calls into question NATO's ability to conduct an accelerated procedure for approving the applications of the two countries, as previously promised in the alliance. According to the newspaper, “several weeks of diplomatic tensions” are expected. between the United States, Turkey, Finland and Sweden on this issue.

All 30 countries must ratify applications for membership in the alliance— members of the bloc, but this process can only begin after NATO issues an accession protocol and formally invites Sweden and Finland to join the alliance, the publication points out.

The Scandinavian countries filed formal applications to join NATO on May 18, they should be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance.

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Two days earlier, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara could not support this decision, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists, do not expressed a clear position in relation to these organizations imposed sanctions against Ankara. He also advised Sweden and Finland to “not bother” attempts to negotiate with Turkey.

According to Bloomberg and the Sabah newspaper, Turkey put forward conditions in exchange for agreeing to admit Sweden and Finland to NATO. Among them— the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization in these countries, the return of Turkey to the training program for pilots of American F-35 fighters and the lifting of sanctions from it for the purchase of the S-400 anti-aircraft complex from Russia.

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Croatian president urges to prevent Finland and Sweden from joining NATO

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that Zagreb, following Ankara, should prevent Sweden and Finland from joining NATO. The prime minister, who is having a “fierce dispute” with Milanovic, and the Croatian Foreign Minister do not agree with him

Zoran Milanovic

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that his country should follow Turkey's example and try to prevent Sweden and Finland in NATO, reports AP.

According to the agency, Croatian Prime Minister Andrei Plenkovic does not agree with Milanovic; politicians have a “fierce argument” on a number of issues, including whether to support the application of the Scandinavian countries to join the North Atlantic Alliance.

According to Milanovic, before the Croatian parliament votes on the issue of NATO expansion, Zagreb must achieve changes in the electoral legislation of neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. The president is pushing for electoral reform that would give Bosnian Croats a better chance at high-ranking positions in that country. He demands that Bosnia and Herzegovina “change the electoral law within the next six months and give Croats their basic rights.”

Plenkovic, reacting to Milanovic's words, suggested its position at the meeting of leaders of the countries— NATO members in the presence of US President Joe Biden, rather than refer the issue to the Croatian Parliament, reports Euractiv. The prime minister said earlier that he had cut off contacts with the president because of the latter's pro-Russian views.

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The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is also supported by Croatian Foreign Minister Gordan Grlich-Radman. At the end of April, during a conversation with his Finnish colleague Pekka Haavisto, the minister said that Zagreb supports the alliance's open door policy and will support Helsinki if an application is submitted.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance on May 18, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. The discussion was supposed to start on the same day, however, according to the Financial Times, the talks broke down because of Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said earlier that he was not ready to support the entry of the Scandinavian countries into the bloc, because they imposed sanctions against Ankara and refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, whom Turkey considers terrorists.

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The French Foreign Ministry said that NATO and the EU do not want to fight with Russia

French Foreign Ministry: NATO and the EU are not at war with Russia and do not want this NATO does not want a war with Russia, the French Foreign Ministry is sure. They believe that Moscow is expelling diplomats for “false reasons.” Previously, Lavrov said that Western countries have declared a “total hybrid war” on Russia ” alt=”The French Foreign Ministry said that NATO and the EU do not want to fight with Russia” />

The French Foreign Ministry

Despite the help of Paris to Kyiv, France is not at war with Russia, neither would like to in NATO, not in the European Union, French Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Anne-Clair Legendre told BFMTV.

“We are not at war with Russia, the EU is not at war with Russia, NATO is not at war with Russia. And we don't want to do that,— Legendre said.

Commenting on Russia's decision to expel 34 French diplomats, she said that Paris condemned the move because it saw “absolutely no reason” for it, and Moscow attributed it to “completely false reasons.”

“A month ago, we ourselves deported people from the Russian embassy who had diplomatic status, but, in our opinion, they acted for purposes contrary to our national security,” — emphasized the representative of the French Foreign Ministry.

At the same time, French President Emmanuel Macron will maintain a channel of dialogue with Moscow, Legendre added, explaining what is important for the issue of a ceasefire in Ukraine.

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The unwillingness of a direct clash with Russia was previously stated by American and European politicians and leaders. Even before the start of the Russian special operation, NATO and the United States indicated that under no circumstances would they send their troops to Ukraine, since this threatened a war with Russia. According to American President Joe Biden, the fighting in Ukraine does not require the direct participation of Washington, the White House said that they insist on a diplomatic solution to the conflict.

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In Moscow, it was pointed out that the supply of weapons by Western countries to Ukraine in the context of the ongoing special operation is close to the state of “proxy war”; with Russia. “If NATO, in fact, goes to war with Russia through a proxy and arms this proxy, then in war as in war,” — Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned at the end of April.

In mid-May, the minister added that the West had declared an all-out hybrid war on Russia, and the Russian side was accepting the challenge. “It is difficult to predict how long this will all last, but it is clear that the consequences will be felt by everyone without exception,” — appreciated Lavrov.

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