Reuters reports first US oil tanker arrives in Germany

The tanker loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock, Germany, Reuters reported. German refineries are looking for alternatives to Russian raw materials due to the partial EU embargo, which will come into force in December 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Tanker Capricorn Sun

A tanker has delivered US sour crude to the German city of Rostock for the first time amid attempts by local refineries to find an alternative to Russian crude, Reuters reported, citing sources, analysts and vessel tracking data.

We are talking about the tanker Capricorn Sun. It loaded crude oil off the coast of Louisiana in the US and offloaded it in Rostock on August 3, the agency writes.

The tanker was delivering high-sulphur Mars Sour oil. This is the first shipment of this oil to Germany.

According to Jim Mitchell, head of oil research in the Americas at Refinitiv, in the past there were only “a few” US oil in Germany from the United States. deliveries of another grade— West Texas Sour.

German refineries are looking for an alternative to Russian oil in connection with the partial EU embargo. It will come into force in December and will affect sea supplies of Russian raw materials. Under the EU ban, not only oil in its pure form will fall, but also as part of mixtures— so-called blends.

This embargo was included in the sixth package of EU sanctions. The European Union expands restrictive measures against Russia in connection with the events in Ukraine.

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Germany has not received a single report from the Russians who fell under the sanctions

According to the German sanctions legislation, the persons on the sanctions lists after the imposition of restrictions are required to immediately disclose asset data to the government. None of the Russians did this

None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union provided the German government with information about their assets, as required by national legislation on the implementation of sanctions restrictions. This is reported by Reuters with reference to a letter from the State Secretary of the German Ministry of Economy Udo Philipp to the Bundestag deputy Christian Goerke, which the agency managed to get acquainted with.

“None of the Russians sanctioned by the European Union filed asset declarations, which is required by law. In Germany, they call for a tougher transparency regime, — notes Reuters.

According to the current legislation, it is necessary to inform the authorities about the existing assets immediately after being included in the sanctions lists. Penalties for non-compliance with this requirement range from fines to imprisonment for up to one year.

According to the German authorities, after the imposition of sanctions from the end of February 2022, the assets of “Russian oligarchs” were frozen in the country. in the amount of €4.48 billion, including funds in the amount of €2.3 billion in bank accounts.

“The German Central Bank, as well as the Federal Office for Economics and Export Control, do not received declarations»,— The agency quotes an excerpt from Philipp's letter.

The agency also cites the words of Deputy Görcke, who believes that monitoring of compliance with sanctions should be strengthened.

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“The duty to be transparent should also extend to those who do business with the oligarchs, such as notaries, brokers, used car dealers, art dealers, and banks. It is not enough to simply add the names of oligarchs to the sanctions lists. <…> The authorities have lost hope of ever tracking down and freezing their [the oligarchs'] assets,— Reuters quotes MP.

In mid-July, European Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders reported that the EU had frozen the assets of Russian billionaires, individuals and legal entities subject to sanctions, in the amount of €13.8 billion. Most of the frozen assets— over €12 billion— accounted for five of the 27 European countries, but Reinders did not specify which ones.

Russian assets were frozen as part of the imposition of several packages of sanctions and the tightening of previously existing restrictions in the spring of 2022. In Russia, these measures are called illegal. According to Alexander Venediktov, deputy secretary of the Russian Security Council, “freezing Russian assets” this is one of the greatest thefts in history.

The Kremlin called the arrests of the assets of Russian businessmen a robbery: presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Russian entrepreneurs were “robbed” as if in the Wild West, while they honestly earned their money.

A number of Russian businessmen who fell under European sanctions challenged the imposition of restrictions in the EU court. Among them are Roman Abramovich, Pyotr Aven, Mikhail Fridman, Alexei Mordashov and Alisher Usmanov. As Friedman noted, Western countries, when introducing restrictive measures, do not understand “how power actually works in Russia.” According to him, the distance between the Russian leadership and anyone else is “like the distance between the Earth and space.”

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Germany delivered three Mars II MLRS to Ukraine

The promised multiple launch rocket systems have been handed over to Kyiv, said German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht. On the eve of the Ukrainian authorities announced the arrival in the country of self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems Gepard ” alt=”Germany has delivered three Mars II MLRS to Ukraine” />


Germany has delivered three MARS II multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) to Ukraine, German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht said, ZDF reports.


“We keep our word,”— she said, adding that Berlin also handed over three Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled artillery mounts and ammunition to Kyiv.

The head of the office of the President of Ukraine, Andriy Yermak, confirmed the arrival of the systems in the country in his Telegram.


Germany announced the transfer of MLRS to Ukraine in June. Mars II— German version of the American MLRS M270 MLRS. As noted by ZDF, the system can fire missiles of different modes of action, such as guided missiles with a GPS system. Batteries with a combat load of 12 missiles are installed on tracked vehicles that can move at speeds up to 50 km/h.

Lambrecht also said that in September Berlin will transfer a Cobra-type counter-battery radar to Kyiv: “The contract has already been signed , now the training of the Ukrainian military in this complex system will begin».

On the eve of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine Oleksiy Reznikov announced the arrival of three Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems and ammunition to the country from Germany. According to the plan presented by the German government in June, the German authorities plan to hand over 30 Gepard systems and about 60,000 ammunition units to Kyiv.

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The German Ministry of Economy gave a positive opinion, but Chancellor Olaf Scholz is delaying the issuance of an export permit.

The Russian side believes that the supply of Western weapons to Ukraine is prolonging the conflict, but claims that they will not interfere with the achievement of the declared goals of the military operation (among them, Vladimir Putin called the “denazification and demilitarization” of Ukraine and the defense of Donbass).

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Mercenary from Germany eliminated near Kharkov

The German mercenary Daniel Gerliani, who had the call sign Himalaya, was eliminated near Kharkov. This was reported at the Kharkov National Law University named after Yaroslav the Wise. Gerliani studied at this university.

According to the information of the educational institution, the mercenary studied at the faculty of the prosecutor's office. After the start of the special operation of the Russian Federation in Ukraine, Gerliani began to take part in hostilities in the Ukrainian battalion “Azov” *. It turned out that Himalaya died on June 3.

Earlier it was reported that a Swedish citizen, who had previously served in the Royal Air Force in Uppsala, died near Kharkov. He was 28 years old.

*The organization is banned in the Russian Federation

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Germany announces reduction of Gazprom’s bid for supplies via Nord Stream

Gazprom announced a supply volume of 800 GW/h, but later reduced it to 530 GW/h, the German regulator said. On July 21, Nord Stream will resume operation after a scheduled overhaul. Gazprom has not yet received a turbine from Canada. Germany announced the reduction of Gazprom's application for supplies via Nord Stream” />

The volume of gas supplies via the Nord Stream pipeline on Thursday, July 21, will amount to 530 GW/h, which is 30% of its total load, the head of the German Federal Network Agency Klaus Müller said on Twitter.

According to him, initially Gazprom announced the volume of supplies of 800 GW/h. As Muller added, “Further changes are possible.”

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

Pumping along both lines of Nord Stream 1 has been suspended since 11 July. According to Nord Stream AG, the operating company, the pipeline went for a scheduled repair, which will be completed on July 21. After that, the gas pipeline will resume operation, but not at full capacity, but at the one that was before July 11, Reuters sources said. has been reduced. Since June 14, it has been reduced from 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, and the next day— up to 67 million cubic meters m. Reduced supplies of “Gazprom” explained by the fact that the German company Siemens did not return the turbine after repair in Canada due to anti-Russian sanctions.

Following a request from Germany, which had a tense gas situation, Canada agreed to return the turbine. Ottawa, in order not to violate its sanctions, will hand it over to Berlin, and that— Moscow. On July 18, the sources of Kommersant reported that the unit had already been sent by plane to Germany. However, Gazprom two days later, he noted that he had not received documents from Siemens that would allow him to take out the turbine.

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The European Union, Germany, and Siemens itself considered that Gazprom cut shipments for political reasons, not technical problems. The Kremlin has repeatedly emphasized that Moscow does not use gas as a political tool and “is very, very careful about its reputation as a responsible supplier.”

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Named the replacement of Scholz in the event of his departure from the post of Chancellor of Germany

“The German government understands the threat of social protests in the country”

The German publication Bild has published an article about the increase in taxes on CO2 emissions in Germany. Against this background, the inhabitants of Germany in the comments to the article rather harshly criticized the policy pursued by the government of Olaf Scholz, and even demanded his immediate resignation. The expert told who can replace the current chancellor if he leaves power.

Photo: AP

B In the comments under the material of the publication, the Germans accused the political elite of Germany of “hypocrisy and incompetence.” “We demand the resignation of the federal government,” wrote one user under the nickname jisi26. “It wreaks havoc.”

Another commentator noted that the German government is failing on all fronts and thus harming the population. “They (members of the Cabinet) don't even resign of their own free will, and there are no elections,” he added.

Other users openly accused Olaf Scholz of lying and demanded his immediate resignation. “Not my chancellor anymore! He will always be a liar,” said another netizen.

Moreover, the people of Germany expressed outrage at the fact that their country is forced to freeze due to solidarity against the backdrop of opposition from the West to Russia.

“Our chancellor is so tiring,” Bild readers concluded. “Scholz should vacate his chair as soon as possible.”

Readers of the German newspaper Die Welt, for their part, also called on the German chancellor to resign after he called the gas a “weapon of Russia.” Commentators stressed that the politician behaves duplicitously when he is surprised by Moscow's countermeasures in response to anti-Russian sanctions.

Meanwhile, before that, Scholz himself had repeatedly stated that he did not believe in the reduction of Russian gas supplies solely for technical reasons. The Chancellor also added that Germany has relied on energy resources from the Russian Federation for too long.

At the same time, according to the German political scientist Alexander Rahr, Olaf Scholz's position is still more stable than the positions of his colleagues in France, Italy and England.

“However, Scholz's authority is still falling,” Alexander Rahr comments to MK. – And if elections were held in Germany today, the chancellor, most likely, would be another politician. For example, the head of the opposition from the Christian Democratic Party (CDU), Friedrich Merz. In second place in the rating is the German Vice-Chancellor and Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek from the Green Party.

The expert noted that the energy crisis, of course, can hit the German economy and society hard , as well as have a negative impact on the position of the authorities in the country.

“Today there is no state in Europe where the people would be 100% satisfied with their rulers,” the political scientist continues. – The German government also understands the threat of social protests in the country, so here they stopped talking about the “embargo” of Russian energy carriers, and, on the contrary, they hope for the duration of gas supplies from the Russian Federation. Everyone is afraid of winter, which can cause a lot of trouble to Germany and Europe.”

Recall that earlier several authoritative Western media agreed that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz risks losing his position due to the energy crisis that has broken out in the country. crisis. They also believe that the head of the federal government is not strong enough in foreign policy.

Thus, the journalists of the British edition of The Telegraph pointed out that Scholz, trying to please both the North Atlantic Alliance and Moscow, abandoned Kyiv and practically does not help him no help. Such actions of the chancellor could not but shake the authority of Berlin on the world stage.

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Zelensky dismissed Melnyk, ambassador to Germany

He worked as ambassador to Germany for almost eight years. Earlier, Bild wrote that the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry asked to recall Melnyk, he can take the position of Deputy Minister .jpg” alt=”Zelensky fired Ambassador to Germany Melnyk” />

Andriy Melnyk

The President of Ukraine signed a decree on the dismissal of Andriy Melnyk from the position of the country's ambassador to Germany, the document was published on the website of the President's office.

In addition to Melnik, the ambassadors to Hungary, Norway, the Czech Republic and India were also dismissed (the latter served as an ambassador to the Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh).

Melnyk has served as Ukraine's Ambassador to Germany since December 2014. He began his diplomatic service in 1997. He worked in the administration of the President of Ukraine, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the country, as well as in the Embassy of Ukraine in Austria.

Bild reported about the imminent recall of Melnik to Kyiv at the beginning of the week. According to the publication's sources, the initiative came from the Foreign Ministry itself. “Andrey Melnik is very much appreciated for his work,” — Bild interlocutor noted. Sources also claimed that Melnik could take the position of deputy head of the ministry.

Andriy Melnik is known for his harsh remarks against the German authorities. In early May, he called German Chancellor Olaf Scholz an “insulted liverwurst” after he called Kyiv's refusal to receive German President Frank Walter Steinmeier an obstacle to his visit to Ukraine. “Pretending to be an insulted liverwurst” not very state-of-the-art,— Melnik said this.

He also criticized Berlin's actions to support Ukraine, calling Germany's policy in this regard “sluggish”. Melnik believes that Scholz lacks “imagination and courage”; and claims that many Germans would like to have an “active chancellor.”

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The statement caused a wide response. The Israeli Embassy in Germany said that Melnik's words “distort historical facts, diminish the significance of the Holocaust and insult the memory of those killed by Bandera and his people.”

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The Globe and Mail learned about the proximity of Canada and Germany to the agreement on the turbine

The countries are close to reaching an agreement that will allow the return of the Nord Stream gas turbine to Russia. Ottawa and Berlin are negotiating with Kyiv, which objects to the circumvention of sanctions by Canada to Russia, the absence of which Moscow attributes its decision to cut gas supplies to Germany via the pipeline, writes The Globe and Mail, citing a senior Canadian official.

The engine of the German company Siemens Energy is being repaired at a plant in Montreal. Its return to Russia was complicated by sanctions imposed by Canada due to military actions in Ukraine.

Ottawa and Berlin are negotiating with Ukraine, which opposes circumventing sanctions in order to return the turbine, according to the official. He noted that all parties are working on a “positive solution” question. The Ukrainian Embassy in Canada, in turn, expects that the country will remain committed to the application of sanctions in full, the newspaper writes.

The newspaper's interlocutor claims that Russia has an extra engine that it could put into operation, but Moscow is using the turbine under repair as an excuse to put economic pressure on Europe. In his opinion, if the turbine is returned, the Russian side will no longer be able to resort to this excuse.

On June 8, Reuters reported, citing a source familiar with it, that a “positive signal” had been sent to the German government from Canada. According to him, the decision to return the turbine has already been made. First, the engine is planned to be sent to Germany, which will then transfer it to Gazprom, which will allow Canada not to violate sanctions.

In turn, the Canadian official said that the final decision has not yet been made, noting that Ottawa understands that Europe wants to return the turbine to replenish Russian gas reserves before winter. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz plans to visit Canada on August 22 and 23 to discuss LNG exports to Europe. According to a German official cited by The Globe and Mail, Berlin hopes the matter can be settled before this visit.

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The Kremlin on Friday rejected “any hint or outright claim that the Russian side is using gas or oil as a weapon of political pressure.” Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov claims that Russia is fulfilling its obligations and “still able to guarantee the full energy security of Europe.”

The Politico edition, in turn, reported with reference to a letter from the Minister of Energy of Ukraine Herman Galushchenko, dated June 23 and addressed to the Canadian government, in which the Ukrainian side asks not to exclude the turbine from sanctions. Kyiv reminded that Russia can pump gas in transit through Ukraine, but does not want to use it.

In mid-June, Gazprom reduced the volume of pumping through the Nord Stream gas pipeline; to Germany, first up to 100 million cubic meters. m of fuel per day from 167 million cubic meters. m, and then— up to 67 million cubic meters m.

In addition, from July 11 to July 21, Russia will suspend pumping through the pipeline for planned maintenance. In Germany, they fear that the Russian side will then completely shut off the gas. In particular, the Minister of Economics and the head of the German Federal Network Agency, Klaus Müller, did not rule out such a possibility.

The Kremlin, in response to Berlin's fears, assured that “Russia is very, very careful about its reputation, the reputation of a responsible supplier».

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Bild learned about the imminent recall of Ukrainian Ambassador Melnyk from Germany

Melnyk has been working as Ukraine's ambassador to the FRG for almost eight years now, and because of his harsh statements, including those addressed to the leaders of the FRG, he has repeatedly found himself at the center of high-profile scandals

Andrey Melnyk

Famous for his sharp and often scandalous Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk will be recalled to Kyiv, Bild reports, citing sources in Kyiv. According to the interlocutors of the newspaper, he may take the post of Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine.

“This proposal was made by the Ministry to the President of Ukraine. Andrey Melnik is highly appreciated for his work, — clarified the source of the publication in the government of Ukraine. According to him, Melnik can move from Berlin to Kyiv before the fall.

Melnyk has been working as Ukraine's ambassador to Germany for almost eight years, he was appointed to this post in December 2014.

The latest scandal involving Melnyk occurred on June 29, when the Ukrainian ambassador in an interview with German journalist Tilo Jung, he said that the Ukrainian nationalist Stepan Bandera was “the personification of the struggle for freedom.”

“I visited his grave (in Munich. — RBC), because he is important to many Ukrainians as the personification of the struggle for freedom. A freedom fighter is not subject to any laws. Robin Hood is revered by all of us, but he also did not act according to the laws,— Melnik said then.

This statement caused a wide resonance. In particular, the Israeli embassy said that these words “distort historical facts, diminish the significance of the Holocaust and insult the memory of those killed by Bandera and his people.”

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Stepan Bandera— one of the leaders of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN, recognized as extremist in Russia and banned), as well as one of the initiators of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA, also recognized as extremist and banned). In 1934, Bandera was accused of organizing the assassination of the former Minister of the Interior of Poland, Bronisław Peracki, and imprisoned. In September 1939, after the German invasion of Poland, Bandera was released from prison and began to cooperate with German military intelligence. In April 1941 he was elected head of the OUN. In July 1941, he entered Lvov together with the Nazis and adopted the “act on the revival of the Ukrainian state.” Then Bandera disagreed with the Nazis in his views and was arrested in the same way. After that, he was imprisoned in Berlin. In 1944 he was released and he emigrated to Munich, in 1959 he was killed by a KGB agent.

In early May 2022, Melnyk described German Chancellor Olaf Scholz as an “offended sausage” after he called the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to receive German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier an obstacle to his visit to Kyiv. The phrase was taken from an old German idiom, similar to the Russian sayings “they carry water on the offended”, “you should not pout”, “only no offense.”

“Pretending to be an offended liverwurst” not very state-of-the-art,— said then the ambassador of Ukraine. This definition received a wide response in the German media, which described the attitude of the ambassador as a mockery.

Members of the Bundestag from the Alternative for Germany party then they demanded that Melnyk be expelled from Germany.

In January 2022, before the start of the NWO in Ukraine, Melnyk said that Germany was morally responsible for the future of Ukraine and therefore should sell defensive weapons to Kyiv. Berlin then referred to its foreign policy position and refused to sell lethal weapons to Ukraine.

“We call on the [Germany] government to abandon the existing position, which from the point of view of morality is absolutely unnecessary, and urgently provide Ukraine with the necessary defensive weapons. We have the right to self-defense, — Melnik said then. According to him, Germany “bears the same historical responsibility for Ukraine as it does for Israel.”


The Gorbachev Foundation denied reports about the export of the Nobel medal to Germany

The information about the export of the Nobel medal of the first president of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev to Germany is not true, RBC was told in the press service of the Gorbachev Foundation.

“The statement about the export of the Nobel awards to Germany is a slanderous insinuation, — said the press service of the fund. They reported that the ex-president in 1991 directed the monetary part of the Nobel Peace Prize to charitable purposes— in six medical institutions in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The medal and diploma of the laureate are owned by Gorbachev, the Foundation noted.

“Currently, the Gorbachev Foundation does not have the opportunity to exhibit in one place all the objects and documents included in the collection of the Museum of Perestroika. Some of them are on display at the Gorbachev Foundation, some have been transferred to various Russian museums, the rest are in storage, — The press service noted.

Earlier, the Brief Telegram channel, citing a source, reported that “Gorbachev's daughter took her father's Nobel medal to Germany.”

Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize on October 15, 1990. The Nobel Committee said in a statement that he was awarded “for his leading role in the peace process.”

Gorbachev was the last general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, he held this position from 1985 to 1991. In the late 1980s, he was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and in 1990-1991 he served as President of the USSR.

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Business Insider learned about Spain’s apologies to Germany for tanks for Kyiv

The Spanish authorities apologized to the German federal government after media reports about plans to supply Ukraine with up to 40 old German Leopard tanks, Business Insider reports, citing sources in the German ruling circles.

According to the publication , the news of a possible transfer to Kyiv of self-propelled armored vehicles purchased from Germany in the 1990s excited Berlin because of the sensitivity of the situation for him: this would be the first time that a NATO country would send tanks to Ukraine. This subjected Chancellor Olaf Scholz to increased pressure.

According to sources, now the Spanish authorities are ready to supply Ukraine with no more than ten combat armored vehicles, moreover, in need of repair. In addition, the transfer of Leopard to the Ukrainian side, according to the clauses in the contracts, will in any case have to be coordinated with the German government, Business Insider points out.

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Bloomberg learned about Germany’s plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania

The German military contingent in Lithuania as part of the NATO mission will expand to 1.5 thousand people, now it has about 1 thousand military personnel. Germany will also create a special battalion in Lithuania for rapid response, there is no infrastructure yet ” alt=”Bloomberg learned about Germany's plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania” />

Germany will send another 500 troops to Lithuania, expanding the military contingent in the republic to about 1.5 thousand people, this was done in as part of NATO's efforts to reinforce the eastern flank, people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg and Reuters.

In the plans of the German government— to increase the military contingent in the alliance's mission to 3,000 troops, Bloomberg interlocutors added. According to them, due to the lack of housing for the military in Lithuania and other problems with logistics, an additional 1.5 thousand people will be in constant combat readiness in Germany as a replacement reserve unit.

At the same time, according to According to Reuters sources in the German government, the number of soldiers in the brigade, who will be ready for operational deployment to Lithuania, will be about 3 thousand people.

Bloomberg writes that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is likely to announce the dispatch of 500 troops to Lithuania on Thursday, June 9. On this day, he is scheduled to meet with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Berlin, where the head of the alliance will meet with German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht.

Scholz announced his readiness to increase the military contingent in Germany the day before , June 7, during a visit to Lithuania. He noted: “We are ready to strengthen our interaction and develop it to a powerful combat brigade,” — emphasizing Germany's readiness to “defend every inch of NATO territory”.

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda then said that the conditions for the permanent deployment of the battalion would be created within one to one and a half years, LRT reported. “I pointed out to the chancellor that it makes sense for us to have an additional battalion here for constant exercises, for constant training <…> We have to do some work: the construction of barracks, places of deployment, infrastructure,»,— he clarified.

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At the end of May, Scholz announced the creation in Germany of the largest regular army among NATO countries in Europe. According to him, this will allow the country to significantly strengthen its own security and the security of allies. The German authorities also agreed to set up a special fund worth €100 billion, the funds from which will be used to modernize the armed forces, Handelsblatt wrote.

“The German Bundeswehr will be strengthened. He will be able to carry out his defense tasks better than ever, and he will be able to contribute to NATO so that we can protect ourselves from outside attacks at any time, — Scholz added then.

According to the Global Firepower portal, which provides analytics on the military forces of 142 countries, at the beginning of February among European countries— NATO members in terms of the number of military in active service, France was in the lead & mdash; 205 thousand people, while in Germany there are 184 thousand

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Speaker of the Rada expressed hope to receive submarines from Germany

Speaker Ruslan Stefanchuk met with the head of the German Defense Ministry and asked her to supply Kyiv with submarines and IRIS-T short-range missiles. He stated that Ukraine is ready to become the defensive eastern border of all Europe

Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Ruslan Stefanchuk met with German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht and asked her to provide Kyiv with submarines, the press service of the Ukrainian parliament reports.

“I do not rule out the receipt of submarines from Germany, because we are ready to become the defensive eastern border of all of Europe. And this cooperation will be mutually beneficial both at this stage and in the future, — Stefanchuk said, asking Lambrecht to strengthen security decision-making.

He also expressed hope for the delivery of the IRIS-T system (short-range air-to-air missile.— RBC) as soon as possible.

Until February 24, Germany refused to supply weapons to Ukraine, but later Berlin changed its position. At the end of March, DPA reported that Germany had sent 1,500 Strela man-portable air defense systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, and several million rounds of small arms ammunition to Kyiv.

In mid-April, the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced that the Bundeswehr had exhausted the limit on the supply of weapons to Ukraine from the reserves. He also refused to supply Leopard tanks to Kyiv, explaining that it would be better to send old Soviet weapons to Ukraine, which the military of this country is familiar with.

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On May 28, German Vice-Chancellor Robert Habek said that Berlin could not satisfy all of Kyiv's desires for arms. At the same time, he promised to supply Ukraine with PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers, on which Ukrainian soldiers are trained.

Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk has repeatedly criticized the German authorities for not supplying Kyiv with heavy weapons. In his opinion, militarily, the German authorities “just let down” Ukraine.

On June 1, the Kremlin, commenting on the supply of weapons to Kyiv, in particular American multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), said that this does not contribute to the resumption of peace negotiations and “adds fuel to the fire.” According to the press secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov, the goals of the Russian special operation will be achieved, despite the supply of weapons from Western countries.

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Rogozin instructed to restore the operation of the telescope, disabled by Germany

Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin instructed to restore the operation of the German telescope at the Spektr-RG orbital observatory, which was turned off by Germany.

“I instructed to begin preparations for the restoration of the German eROSITA telescope at the Spektr-RG space observatory.” paired with a Russian telescope», – he wrote in his Telegram channel.

According to Rogozin, the operation of a unique orbital system is necessary for science, and for those who “for Russophobic political reasons” decided to turn off the telescope, “there was no moral right to do so.”

“We will correct the mistake of the Germans,” he stressed.

Spektr-RG, created in The NPO named after Lavochkin was launched in July 2019 from Baikonur by a Proton-M launch vehicle. Now it is at a distance of 1.5 million km from Earth. The observatory is supposed to explore the sky and map the universe.

Earlier, Dmitry Rogozin said that the next launch of Progress will take place in the fall of this year and will take place according to the single-orbit rendezvous scheme with the ISS.

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What is behind Germany’s promises to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons

At the end of April, Germany decided to start supplying heavy weapons to Ukraine. However, in Kyiv they say that more than a month has passed, and Berlin has not fulfilled its promises. What did Ukraine get? German promises to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons” />

Howitzers PzH 2000

What weapons did Scholz say about the supply of Ukraine

On Wednesday, June 1, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in the Bundestag that the country will supply Ukraine with modern IRIS-T air defense systems: they will be transferred to Kyiv in the coming weeks. The Armed Forces of Ukraine will also receive a modern radar station and 12 PzH 2000 self-propelled artillery mounts (ACS) from Germany (now Ukrainian military instructors are completing their development).

“The government has decided to supply the IRIS-T— this is the most modern air defense system of those that the Federal Republic of Germany has,— Scholz said. He noted that Germany has been constantly supplying weapons to Ukraine since the start of the Russian special operation. “To date, we have delivered more than 15 million rounds of ammunition, 100 thousand hand grenades, more than 5 thousand anti-tank mines,” — said the chancellor. He also mentioned the implementation of the so-called circular exchange with the Czech Republic: Prague will supply Kyiv with 20 Soviet T-72 tanks, and in return will receive 15 Leopard 2А4 tanks from Germany.

Following the meeting, Tagesspiegel, citing sources in government circles, reported that Scholz kept silent about another supply of weapons: Germany would send Ukraine four Mars II multiple launch rocket systems manufactured by Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann from its own stocks.

A day earlier, on the sidelines of the EU summit, Scholz held talks with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and agreed on a new circular arms exchange: Athens will supply Kyiv with 40-50-year-old BMP-1 armored personnel carriers, and in return they will receive German Marder-type infantry fighting vehicles from Berlin, which the Bundeswehr planned to replace with newer Puma type. Earlier it was reported that an agreement had been reached on a circular exchange with Poland and Slovenia: the latter was proposed to transfer a large number of T-72 tanks to Ukraine, and in return to receive a Marder infantry fighting vehicle and a Fuchs wheeled armored car from Germany.

Germany has long adhered to the policy of refusing to supply arms to Ukraine, but revised it after the start of the Russian military operation on February 24, although retaining an unspoken ban on the supply of heavy weapons. On April 28, the three ruling parties of the country, together with the largest opposition bloc of the Christian Democratic and Christian Social Unions, adopted a document in the Bundestag calling on the government to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons. At the same time, Berlin announced its intention to transfer 30 Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns to Kyiv, organizing appropriate training for the Ukrainian military on the territory of Germany. The first batch of these self-propelled guns equipped with automatic guns is due to go to Ukraine in July, the second — in August.

What problems does Germany have with arms supplies

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Despite Berlin's statements about the upcoming deliveries of heavy weapons and circular exchanges, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk claims that Scholz does not really intend to implement the Bundestag's call and supply Kyiv with heavy weapons. In an interview with RND, Melnyk agreed with the journalist's statement that the choice of Gepard for delivery to Ukraine is a farce, since the FRG has only 23 thousand shells for them, which is enough for just half an hour of operation of one installation.

Ammunition for Gepard is produced in Switzerland, but it does not agree to supply them to war zones. And, according to Melnik, this issue has not yet been resolved. “We get the impression that the chancellor does not want to do this (supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.— RBC). There are only seven self-propelled howitzers [delivered], and we don’t have Gepard, just as we don’t have Leopard-1 or Marder. All of them have already been decommissioned by the Bundeswehr and can be transferred to us by the military industry without prejudice to the defense capability of the FRG, — Melnik continued. The ambassador also said that the deal with Slovenia has not yet been implemented, as Germany has not offered it an adequate replacement for the T-72 tanks. “It seems that this is how they are trying to buy time and are waiting for a ceasefire. Then the pressure on Germany will subside and there will be no need to make bold decisions, — summed up Melnik.

Politico, citing documents in its possession, reported on June 1 that Ukraine did not request Gepard from Germany, but filed an application on March 24 for the purchase of decommissioned Marder infantry fighting vehicles from the German defense concern Rheinmetall. On April 14, the concern agreed to sell 100 refurbished Marders and 1.5 million ammunition to Kyiv for a total cost of €153 million. The first batch, according to the documents, could be transferred to Ukraine within a few weeks. The corresponding deal must be approved by the German government, but there was no response from him. In parallel, Politico notes, the German chancellor promised to supply Marder to Greece. “There is no indication that Kyiv will receive any modern Marder models in the near future,” — states the publication.

The announced circular exchange deal with the Czech Republic has not yet been implemented and the timing of its implementation is unknown, according to the German portal NTV. A similar deal with Poland has also not been completed, although Warsaw has already transferred 240 Soviet-made tanks to Kyiv, Spiegel notes. According to the publication, Poland asked Germany for the latest Leopard models, but Berlin did not deliver them. In Germany, they cannot fulfill the requirements of Poland, because the FRG simply does not have these tanks available, Spiegel explains the situation. German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht acknowledged at a closed meeting on May 16 that she had little hope left that Berlin could reach an agreement with Warsaw. “There were promises from the Germans to strengthen our defenses, unfortunately, none of this was realized,” — Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Szymon Szynkowski said.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made a statement that the Russian armed forces would consider warehouses and transports of weapons supplied to NATO to Kyiv as legitimate targets. “Of course, these weapons will be a legitimate target for the Russian armed forces, which operate as part of a special armed operation. And warehouses, including those in the west of Ukraine, have become such a target more than once, — he said on the air of the program “Big Game” on the “First” April 25.

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Germany’s main gas importer paid Gazprom under a new scheme

The German concern Uniper announced the first payment for gas under the new scheme proposed by Moscow. Earlier, the company said that they consider it possible to find a compromise option for paying for Russian gas supplies

German concern Uniper— the main importer of Russian gas in Germany— made the first payment to Gazprom according to the new scheme. This was reported by Reuters with reference to the company's message.

“Like other German and European companies, Uniper has changed the way it pays for gas supplies from Russia. Uniper pays in euros according to the new payment mechanism. The first of these payments was made at the end of May,— Uniper said in a statement.

The company also assured that they continue to act in accordance with EU sanctions and continue to ensure the timely execution of contracts.

At the end of March, Russia announced a new gas payment scheme. Buyers were obliged to open two accounts in Gazprombank: currency and ruble. Payment will come to the first, and then the bank will convert the funds received and credit them to the ruble account. As explained in the Kremlin, the new scheme is needed to protect incoming funds from being frozen due to Western sanctions. , but did not issue a direct ban.

German concern Uniper— the main importer of Russian gas in Germany. At the end of April, the company reported that they considered it possible to find a compromise option for paying for Russian gas supplies, which would be compatible with both European sanctions and Moscow's requirements. “Uniper is negotiating with its contract partners about specific payment modalities and is also in close consultation with the German government,” specified in the press service of the company.

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Germany says EU unity over sanctions against Russia is ‘collapsing’

The summit of the EU countries, where new sanctions against Russia will be discussed, will be held from May 30 to 31. According to the head of the German Finance Ministry, EU unity on sanctions against Moscow on the eve of the summit “begins to crumble”

Robert Habek

EU unity regarding sanctions against Russia “begins to crumble”; ahead of the summit, which will discuss the oil embargo and plans to reduce dependence on Russian energy. This was stated by the head of the German Ministry of Economics Robert Habeck, reports Reuters.

According to him, after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, “we saw what can happen when Europe is united.” “In view of tomorrow's summit, let's hope that this will continue. But this unity is already beginning to crumble, — he said.

Habek urged Germany to speak at the summit “with one voice” and not abstain from voting due to disagreements within the country's ruling coalition. He called for similar unity in other EU states.

Since the end of February, Russian companies, banks and citizens have been subject to Western sanctions: officials, parliamentarians, public figures, heads of state companies and journalists. In the last— the fifth package of sanctions— The EU has also banned coal imports and restricted freight.

Since May, the European Commission has been working on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. Initially, it was planned to include a ban on the purchase of all Russian oil— both raw and purified, said the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. However, the package of measures could not be agreed upon, including due to the position of Hungary, which did not agree to abandon Russian oil.

On May 29, Bloomberg reported that the EU may provide for the exclusion of supplies via the Druzhba oil pipeline; from the sanctions package. “Such a compromise would buy Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban time to agree on the technical details of a gradual halt to pipeline supplies to his country,” publication indicated.

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In response to Western sanctions, the Russian authorities announced retaliatory measures, and the government developed and adopted a large-scale package of measures to support the economy. Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak previously warned that the rejection of Russian hydrocarbons threatens to collapse the gas and oil markets, since Russia is their largest supplier.

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Spiegel learned about the “stuck” negotiations between Germany and Poland on tanks

Spiegel: relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to the supply of weapons to Ukraine In exchange for the tanks that Poland supplies to Ukraine, Warsaw expects to receive the latest Leopard tanks from Germany, its NATO partner, but Berlin has not yet done so, the newspaper notes

Relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to protracted negotiations on the supply of weapons to Ukraine, writes Spiegel.

According to the publication, the negotiations of the countries on the exchange of arms “stuck”, as Warsaw asked to replace its tanks supplied to Ukraine, on the latest German Leopards, but Berlin still hasn't.

Poland has already transferred almost all of its 240 Soviet-made tanks to Ukraine, in connection with which the Polish authorities expect Germany to fill in the gaps with German equipment. However, unlike the Czech Republic, Poland does not want to be content with old German tanks, but demands the supply of modern models for service, including Leopard tanks.

Berlin cannot agree to such a deal, since the Bundestag itself does not have them in available, notes Spiegel. German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht acknowledged at a closed meeting on May 16 that she had almost no hope that Berlin could come to an agreement with Warsaw.

“There were promises from the Germans to strengthen our defenses, unfortunately, none of this was realized,” — said Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Szymon Szynkowski.

At the end of April, Polish Radio reported that Warsaw, as part of military assistance, transferred to Kyiv more than 200 Soviet T-72 tanks, as well as several dozen BMP. Prior to this, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki confirmed the transfer of tanks to Kyiv.

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Warsaw supplied Kyiv with approximately $1.59 billion worth of military equipment, including 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzers; and Grad rocket launchers, the radio station reported. Poland also handed over air-to-air missiles air» for MiG-29 and Su-27 aircraft.

In return, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised to supply Poland with a Challenger 2 tank if it sends T-72 tanks to Ukraine.

Kyiv has repeatedly accused Germany of not supplying heavy weapons. Thus, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk noted that Kyiv has the impression that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz does not want to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

It looks as if Berlin is waiting for a truce and no longer need will make “bold decisions,” he added.

In late April, the lower house of the German parliament supported a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. However, Scholz said that Berlin would not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and other allies did so.

Russia strongly opposes the supply of weapons to Ukraine, Moscow has repeatedly said that convoys with such equipment will be considered legitimate targets.

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Welt reported that Kuleba “lost his temper” in a conversation with the Minister of Germany

The newspaper reported on a difficult conversation between the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry and the head of the German Defense Ministry on the supply of Gepard tanks. Kuleba demanded an honest answer on this issue. Earlier it was reported that Germany had no ammunition for tanks

Dmitry Kuleba

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba “lost his temper” during a discussion with German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht on the supply of Cheetah tanks, writes Welt.

According to the publication, the Ukrainian minister, during his trip to Germany last week, demanded an “honest” answer about the tanks and a quick solution to the issue of ammunition for them.

Otherwise, he suggested that the minister recognize that the topic was removed from discussion and that Berlin was “focused on a new project.” Sources in Kyiv called the conversation difficult, Kuleba reproached Lambrecht for announcing the supplies, knowing that there were no ammunition.

In Ukrainian government circles, the publication was told that the German minister in during the conversation, she only promised that the government would continue to look for ammunition for the Cheetahs.

Berlin has officially announced its readiness to deliver 50 Cheetahs to Kyiv. at the end of April, the information was voiced by Lambrecht at the US Air Force Base in Ramstein. On April 28, the Bundestag approved the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv. However, in early May, Welt wrote that the delivery process was delayed due to the lack of necessary ammunition. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz clarified earlier this week that the tanks can't just be picked up, they “have to be ready.”

Anti-aircraft self-propelled gun “Gepard” (air defense tank “Gepard”) was developed in 1963 on the basis of the main German tank “Leopard-1”. In 1973, the car was put into service and entered mass production.

"Gepard" armed with two 35-mm cannons with an effective firing range of 5.5 thousand meters. Blocks of smoke grenade launchers are also installed on both sides of the tower. In total, about 570 ZSU of this type were produced.

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Earlier, Germany has repeatedly refused to supply weapons to Ukraine due to the fact that the country does not supply weapons to the conflict zones. However, in the course of the Russian special operation, Berlin's position changed. Scholz noted that Russia forced Germany to send weapons to Kyiv, because peace in Europe was threatened.

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Germany warns of increase in gas prices due to Russia’s retaliatory sanctions

Russia approved the sanctions list, which included the former “daughters” of “Gazprom”. According to the head of the Ministry of Economy of Germany, due to sanctions, Germany will be forced to conclude new contracts for the supply of gas, possibly at a higher price

Russian retaliatory sanctions against Gazprom Germania GmbH and its subsidiaries mean the need to conclude new contracts, possibly at higher prices, said the Vice-Chancellor of Germany, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habeck in the Bundestag, reports FAZ.

“Inclusion in the sanctions lists” subsidiaries ” Gazprom Germania means they have to re-conclude supply contracts. These contracts will probably be awarded at higher prices,— said the deputy head of government.

According to Habek, Russia's sanctions deprived Germany of 10 million cubic meters. m of gas per day, but the German government has already developed a plan to replace supplies.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

In early May, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on Russia's response to the sanctions. The document says that they are introduced in order to protect the national interests of the country and in response to unfriendly and contrary to international law actions of the United States and its affiliated states aimed at “illegal deprivation” of or restriction of property rights to Russia, Russians and Russian legal entities.

On May 11, the Russian government approved a list of foreign companies subject to retaliatory Russian sanctions. The list includes former Western subsidiaries; Gazprom, including Gazprom Germania. This company manages the former European assets of Gazprom, which are also included in the sanctions list: Gazprom NGV Europe, Wingas, Astora, Gazprom Marketing & Trading, Vemex and others.

It is forbidden to make transactions with sub-sanctioned enterprises, including those that involve the entry into Russian ports of ships associated with these legal entities, as well as making payments and transactions with securities in favor of these companies.

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At the end of March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of emergency warning regime in gas supply. It involves the maximum reduction in consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

The first level of the emergency prevention regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third is announced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Scholz said that Russia forced Germany to supply weapons to Ukraine

Germany is helping Ukraine as Russian President Putin has “endangered peace in Europe,” German Chancellor Scholz stressed

Olaf Scholz

Russia leaves Germany no choice but to supply weapons to Ukraine. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions, M & uuml; nchner Merkur reports.

“[Russian President Vladimir] Putin leaves us no other choice,” he said. According to Scholz, the Russian leader endangered peace in Europe, so Berlin is helping Kyiv.

The German chancellor stressed that Putin violated the principle of inviolability of borders in Europe “for his revanchist project of creating a Russian empire.” If Berlin had accepted this, it would have strengthened Moscow even more, Scholz concluded.

The day before, the German Chancellor assured that the country would not make any decisions in which NATO would take part in the conflict in Ukraine.

At the end of April, the lower house of the German parliament supported by a majority a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

However, Scholz felt that Berlin should not make hasty decisions to send heavy weapons to Ukraine. He noted that Germany will not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and allies do so.

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Also, the Chancellor's policy on this issue was criticized by the Ambassador of Ukraine Andriy Melnyk. So, he considered that Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Kyiv.

By the end of April, Germany delivered 2.5 thousand anti-aircraft missiles to Ukraine, 900 anti-tank grenade launchers with 3,000 rounds of ammunition, 100 machine guns and 15 bunker launchers with 50 rockets, 100,000 hand grenades, 2,000 mines and over 16 million rounds of ammunition.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries that convoys with such cargoes on the territory of Ukraine will become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

Speaking at the Victory Parade on May 9, Putin called the operation in Ukraine the only way to forestall aggression against his own territory and recalled that Moscow offered Washington and NATO to agree on security guarantees.

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Germany warns of worst famine since World War II

German Minister Schulze warns of the worst famine since World War II The world is facing “the worst famine since World War II” due to drought, the coronavirus pandemic and the conflict in Ukraine

The drought, the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, and the fighting in Ukraine threaten to exacerbate the situation of hunger around the world. This was stated in an interview with Bild by the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, Svenja Schulze. According to her, food prices around the world have risen by a third and are at a record level.

“The World Food Program estimates that 300 million people in the world suffer from hunger, and these estimates are constantly adjusted upwards. The bitter news is that we are facing the worst famine since the Second World War with millions of deaths, — she said.

Since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, world food and fertilizer prices have risen by an order of magnitude. So, in March, food prices rose by 12.6%, to 159.3 points, which was a record for almost 30 years— since 1990, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This dynamics was the result of a significant rise in prices for vegetable oils (by 23.2% in March versus February) and grain crops (by 17.1%).

Russia and Ukraine— one of the largest suppliers of grain in the world, follows from the data of the foreign agricultural service of the US Department of Agriculture. In the 2021/22 season, which began in July, Russia accounted for 16% of world wheat exports, Ukraine— 10%.

According to the FAO, almost 50 countries depend on food supplies from Russia and Ukraine, which provide at least 30% of their wheat import needs with their help.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General António Guterres also warned that the world could face a food crisis. He called for the return of fertilizers and products from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to world markets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky warned in late March of the risk of food shortages. He pointed out that the current situation hinders the sowing campaign. “The most terrible will be the famine that is approaching for different countries,” — he emphasized.

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The President of Germany spoke about a “nightmare” instead of a dream of a “European home”

Germans remember the horrors of World War II and the genocide, Steinmeier said. After 1945, there was hope in Europe that politicians would not allow a recurrence of hostilities, but now that dream has failed, the German president said media/img/9/24/756520064383249.jpg” alt=”The President of Germany announced a “nightmare” instead of a dream of a “European home”” />

Frank-Walter Steinmeier

The Russian military operation has become a turning point of the era that threatens the existence of Ukraine, European society is amazed by what is happening, said German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier in his speech at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions (DGB). The words of the German President are transmitted by his press service.

Since the end of World War II, May 8 has been a day of gratitude to the allies from the West and East for the victory over Nazism, the date has also become a day of remembrance and edification, Steinmeier said, pointing out that the people of Germany remember the “merciless war of annihilation waged by the Germans in Eastern Europe". He assured that Germany honors the memory of the sufferings of the peoples of the Soviet Union and the victims of persecution, hatred and violence.

With regard to the post-war reconstruction of Europe, the German president continued, May 8 was also a day of hope, since the survivors of the war believed that no one would resort to hostilities to resolve political issues. He recalled the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, with the signing of which the USSR, the USA and all European countries confirmed the inviolability of borders on the continent.

“Generations of politicians worked to ensure that“ never again ” also meant “never again war in Europe”. Mikhail Gorbachev gave us a vision on the way to a common European home. But today, May 8, the dream of a common European home has failed: a nightmare has come in its place. It's May 8— day of the war»,— said Steinmeier.

About a month ago, in mid-April, Steinmeier called the normalization of relations with Russia under President Vladimir Putin an impossible scenario. “In my opinion, one thing is clear: under Putin there can be no return to normal life with Russia,” — said the German president. He added that “war crimes in Ukraine” seen by people around the world, they must be investigated, and those responsible must be punished.

May 8 is Anti-War Day in Germany. “On May 8, 1945, World War II in Europe ended with the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht and liberation from National Socialism. Surrender was a liberation that paved the way for a new beginning in Germany and Europe. cites the Federal Agency for Civic Education (Politische Bildung) a certificate from the Hessian State Center for Political Education.

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“Close ties” the German president with Russia became the reason for the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to visit Kyiv, Bild sources said in mid-April. “He is not welcome in Kyiv now”, — an unnamed Ukrainian diplomat told the newspaper. Later, these data were confirmed by the President of Germany, indicating that he was ready for a trip to the Ukrainian capital. “But, apparently, and I must admit this, they didn’t want this in Kyiv,” — he concluded.

The refusal of the German president to visit Kyiv caused a sharp reaction in Berlin. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called the actions of the Ukrainian authorities “irritating”, calling for the president of the republic to be received. Scholz later stressed that the issue had become a problem and that he had no intention of visiting the Ukrainian capital until Steinmeier was there. Berlin provides Kyiv with military and financial support, and therefore “you can’t say: the president cannot come,” Scholz is sure.

In early May, Steinmeier spoke by phone with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, as a result of which the parties eliminated “annoying factors,” said the press service of the German politician. “The two presidents agreed to remain in close contact,” — It was said in the message.

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Ambassador criticized Germany’s “sluggish policy” towards Ukraine

Ukraine needs immediate support and modern weapons, but the German government is “still fighting with itself” and “justifying its inaction”, says Ambassador Andriy Melnyk

Andrey Melnyk

The German authorities are not doing enough to support for Ukraine, Andriy Melnyk, Ukrainian ambassador to Germany, said in an interview with Bild.

According to the diplomat, the fact that not a single representative of the federal government of Germany has visited the country since the beginning of hostilities points to « the sluggishness of German politics».

Melnik believes that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz prefers to act like his predecessor, Angela Merkel: “wait and see, and then decide” or not. “What is missing is imagination and courage. Many Germans would like to have an active chancellor, — he said.

The ambassador clarified that his criticism does not concern Scholz personally, but the entire German government. In the situation in which Ukraine finds itself, quick solutions are needed, but “Germany is still fighting with itself.” “The federal government is very good at finding excuses and making absurd excuses for its inaction,” — Melnik said.

In particular, according to Melnik, Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Ukraine. Berlin is moving “in the right direction,” but that's not enough, the diplomat said. He pointed out that the installations are already 40 years old, and Kyiv needs more modern weapons. Ukraine needs supplies of 88 Leopard tanks, 100 Marder infantry fighting vehicles, self-propelled howitzers and “much more”.

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On April 28, the Bundestag overwhelmingly adopted a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. unions (CDU/CSU). Only “Alternative for Germany” opposed (AfD) and the “Left”.

A few days before the vote, CDU chairman Friedrich Merz accused Scholz of “lost precious time.” on the issue of arms supplies to Ukraine, as a result of which he lost public confidence. According to the opposition leader, the chancellor “is no longer perceived as a person with a strong and strategic mind.”

Since the beginning of the military conflict, Scholz has been against the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv, at the same time, the chancellor says that Russia is not should win in Ukraine. He calls on Moscow to conclude a truce, withdraw troops and start peace talks with Kyiv.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries about the consequences of transferring weapons to Ukraine. In particular, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that convoys with such cargo on the territory of Ukraine would become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

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Reuters learned about Germany’s intention to transfer self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine

Reuters: Germany, following the US and the Netherlands, will send self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv Earlier, the United States announced its intention to transfer heavy weapons to Ukraine, including howitzers. The authorities of France and the Netherlands also spoke about the supply of self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv. “Reuters learned about Germany's intention to transfer self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine” />

Self-propelled howitzer Panzerhaubitze 2000

German authorities may supply self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine. This was reported by Reuters, citing a source in the security services.

“Germany is considering sending self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine. Berlin discussed this issue with the Dutch government, — The agency reports.

Earlier, the Welt am Sonntag newspaper, citing sources in the Ukrainian ruling circles, wrote that the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) was ready to send 100 Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv for €1.7 billion .

The fact that the Dutch authorities are transferring their long-range armored self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine was reported on April 20 by Bloomberg. We are talking about German-made Panzerhaubitze 2000 howitzers.

Then the publication noted that the German authorities did not want to transfer heavy weapons to Ukraine, fearing to deplete the reserves of the national army and irritate Moscow. “However, Berlin supports the transfer [by Holland of howitzers] and intends to train the Ukrainian military to operate these large machines on Polish or German soil,” — wrote Bloomberg.

Also, according to the publication, Germany promised to supply Ukraine with 155-millimeter shells for these 61.5-ton tracked howitzers, which Bloomberg calls “the heaviest ground warfare systems.”

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Firing range Panzerhaubitze 2000— from 35km to 67km. The maximum range is achieved when firing missiles.

On April 21, the United States announced the delivery of additional military aid to Ukraine, including 72 howitzers and 121 Phoenix Ghost tactical drones. For American howitzers, 144 thousand shells and 72 tactical vehicles for towing will also be sent to Ukraine. In addition, Kyiv will receive field equipment and spare parts.

US President Joseph Biden announced a new aid package to Kyiv. According to him, the security assistance package is estimated at $800 million, Washington will allocate another $500 million as direct economic support.

French President Emmanuel Macron announced on April 22 the transfer to Ukraine of 155-millimeter self-propelled artillery guns Caesar and Milan anti-tank missile systems. As the French publication Ouest-France learned, France will transfer 12 of these guns, which are currently used by the French armed forces. Caesar systems are capable of hitting targets at a distance of 40 km.

French howitzers will be handed over to Ukraine following the transfer of 155-mm howitzers and Panzerhaubitze 2000 from the Netherlands to the United States.

Russian authorities have repeatedly criticized the actions of Western states, accusing them of “pumping” Ukraine weapons. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov noted that Western weapons cannot “stop the offensive”; and will not prevent Russia from achieving the goals of the special operation.

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Media: Gazprombank did not accept payments for gas in rubles for Austria and Germany

Bloomberg announced the rejection of the ruble payment from Gazprom Germania.

Bloomberg agency, citing its sources, stated that “Gazprombank” rejected payment for the supply of gas fuel to Germany. It is noteworthy that the payment was made by the trading company Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd in rubles.

The publication reports that payment was transferred for a number of purchases for April and May this year under a contract between the German company and “Gazprombank”.

It is indicated that the advance payment concerns gas for Germany and Austria, but the bank rejected it, although, at the request of the Russian side, the payment was made in ruble currency.

The source of the publication said that now the German company insists that division “Gazprom” accepted the payment, and is now discussing it with representatives of the Russian company.

Recall, as Topnews wrote, at the end of March, Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a decree according to which the states included in the list of unfriendly countries are obliged to pay for the supply of Russian fuel to rubles.

Bloomberg, referring to the data he received, speaks of 10 European countries that agreed to the conditions proposed by the Russian Federation.

Also, according to RIA Novosti, on March 31 &#8220 ;Gazprom” 31 withdrew from the capital of LLC “Gazprom Export Business Services”, and is not involved in the activities of Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd.

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Germany called the conditions for the imposition of an embargo on Russian oil


Bloomberg, citing sources in the EU, said that during the discussion of the ambassadors of the EU member states, Germany named the condition under which it would be ready to support the ban on Russian oil supplies.

According to the report, Berlin will approve this proposal if the refusal is gradual. A similar “transitional period” is provided for in the fifth package of European sanctions, which refers to the rejection of Russian coal.

The agency notes that until recently, German officials said that the refusal of energy supplies would cause more harm to Europe than to Russia. Apparently, now Berlin feels more prepared to cooperate with alternative oil suppliers.


Switzerland refused Germany to supply ammunition to Ukraine

Germany has requested permission to supply Kyiv with ammunition for the German BMP Marder, which are produced in Zurich. The Swiss authorities refused, referring to the neutral status

BMP Marder

Switzerland refused Germany to supply Ukraine with ammunition for the Marder BMP, writes the Swiss newspaper SonntagsZeitung. Information about two requests from the German authorities was confirmed by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). They reported that both appeals of Berlin concerned the transfer to Kyiv of ammunition previously received from Switzerland.

According to the newspaper, the Marder-type infantry fighting vehicle is produced by the German concern Rheinmetall, and one of the production facilities for its ammunition is located in Zurich.

“Both requests from Germany were answered in the negative with reference to Swiss neutrality and mandatory criteria for refusing to in accordance with the legislation on military products», — SECO spokesman Fabian Mayenfisch told the publication.

States that have received weapons or military equipment from Switzerland cannot transfer it to third countries without the consent of Berne, the newspaper explains. In addition, Swiss law prohibits the export of military products to countries where there is an armed conflict.

Despite these rules, the newspaper notes, Swiss military products have already ended up in Ukraine. Britain supplied Kyiv with anti-tank weapons with Swiss warheads. To do this, London took advantage of a loophole in the law, according to which, when exporting individual parts or assemblies of weapons, special permission from the Swiss government is not required.

Prior to the start of the Russian special operation, Berlin refused to supply Kyiv with weapons, however With the outbreak of hostilities, he changed his position. At the end of February, Germany decided to supply Ukraine with 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles.

Read on RBC Pro Pro How “Asos of the 90s” became the most sudden failure of the dot-com era for business and will a VPN help Articles Pro How the development of surgical instruments made an immigrant a billionaire Who will benefit from this air blockade?Berlin also approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia. At the end of March, the DPA agency, citing sources, wrote that 1,500 Strela portable anti-aircraft missile systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, 8 million cartridges for firearms would also be transferred to Kyiv.

In April German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said that Germany had almost completely exhausted the limit of arms supplies to Ukraine from its reserves. He also said that the German government sent a request to arms manufacturers to understand how quickly they could provide the military products needed by Kyiv.

The leader of the German opposition, the head of the Christian Democratic Party (CDU), Friedrich Merz, criticized Scholz for insufficient aid to Ukraine. In his opinion, if the chancellor does not make a decision on the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv in the near future, then the Bundestag should do so.

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