Russia and the United States vetoed draft resolutions on aid to Syria

Russia and the United States vetoed draft resolutions on the extension of cross-border assistance to Syria Russia vetoed a draft resolution on the extension of cross-border assistance to Syria for a year due to the fact that Western countries did not fulfill the agreements last year. The United States rejected the Russian draft draft resolutions on assistance to Syria” />

Russia used its veto power in voting in the UN Security Council on a draft resolution on the extension of the mechanism of cross-border assistance to Syria, follows from the broadcast on YouTube.

“Our delegation voted against the draft resolution on the extension of the cross-border assistance mechanism in Syria for one year. The document put to the vote ignored the interests of Damascus, which should be the main beneficiary of the resolution,— said Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky.

According to him, the project of Ireland and Norway did not take into account the fact that over the past year the Security Council and the UN as a whole failed to establish supplies via intra-Syrian routes to the north-west of the country, increase donor assistance for early recovery projects, and increase transparency in reporting on UN activities in Syria.

The document prepared by Ireland and Norway provided for the continuation of the mechanism for a year— until July 2023. China abstained during the vote, the rest of the Security Council supported it.

In turn, Russia submitted its draft resolution and proposed extending the cross-border assistance mechanism for six months, until January 10, 2023. If the agreements are fulfilled, then an extension for another six months will follow.

The US vetoed the Russian project. Permanent Representative Linda Thomas-Greenfield said Russia's resolution was aimed at helping the Syrian regime, not the people. She noted that in six months it would be impossible to establish a stable supply of aid, and needy Syrians would suffer from this. Thomas-Greenfield called the Russian project wrong for organizing the aid process.

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Representatives of two countries voted in favor of the Russian project, three were against, ten more abstained, summed up the Chairman of the Security Council Ronaldo Costa Filho.

The UN Security Council decided to launch cross-border humanitarian operations in Syria in July 2014 amid hostilities in the country. Until 2020, UN humanitarian agencies and their partners could use four border checkpoints— «Bab es-Salaam» and “Bab el-Hawa” on the border with Turkey, “Al-Yarubiya” on the border with Iraq and “Al-Ramta” on the border with Jordan. The mechanism made it possible to deliver vital products directly to those areas occupied by the opposition, bypassing the government of Bashar al-Assad.

When the Syrian army began to establish control over more and more territory, Damascus and Moscow began to advocate curtailing the work of border crossings. In January 2020, the Security Council extended the operation of two checkpoints on the Turkish border for six months.

In the summer of 2021, the Security Council extended the mechanism after only five attempts. Russia and China twice vetoed the draft resolution of Germany and Belgium. At the same time, the Russian version failed to win the majority of votes twice. As a result, the representatives of the countries compromised and left only the Bab el-Hawa checkpoint open, through which humanitarian goods enter Idlib from Turkey. This resolution expires on July 10.

On June 15, the president's special envoy for the Syrian settlement, Alexander Lavrentiev, stated that Russia was in favor of curtailing the assistance mechanism. He accused the West of violating commitments to implement early recovery projects. Lavrentiev pointed out that Western countries are not easing the sanctions regime.

The day before, before the meeting of the UN Security Council, the Syrians staged a strike near the Bab al-Hawa checkpoint, reported Al Jazeera. They demanded an extension of the assistance mandate, as the termination of the mechanism would endanger the lives of 4.5 million people in the north-west of the country, including 2.5 million internally displaced people.

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